componential analysis


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componential analysis

a technique, based in phonological LINGUISTICS, for analysing complex elements into their components. In semantics, for example, the meaning of ‘woman’ could be seen as analysable into ‘human’ + ‘female’, which would be the components. Thus, research in a field of COGNITIVE ANTHROPOLOGY may involve assembling the apparently available kinship terms, and then seeking to identify the underlying components or dimensions which, taken together, would yield a particular term. Thus, ‘aunt’ might involve ‘female’ + ‘one generation older’ + ‘one distance of indirect descent’. ‘Great aunt’ would involve two generations, and so on. The ideal would be to account for all variation in the terminology of a field. Similar systems of relation and contrast have also been sought for actions themselves.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to a PU spokesman, Dr Zulfiqar's presentation entitled 'Lahore Smog:- Componential Analysis, Causes and Effects' was appreciated with US$1000 as the best professional.Dr Zulfiqar Ali won the honour during the 10th International Aerosol Conference (IAC) at America's Center at St Louis, Missouri, US.
According to a PU spokesman, Dr Zulfiqar's presentation entitled 'Lahore Smog Componential Analysis, Causes and Effects' was appreciated with US$1000 as the best professional.
According to the atomic percentage for specific chemical bond, C atoms contained in C-C bond accounted for 48.54% indicating the presence of high amount of long-chain aliphatic species, such as alkanes, waxes, and/or steroids, which is consistent with the componential analysis by GC/MS.
At the level of componential analysis of the key terms in the proposition (Kempson, 1977; Lyons, 1977), it is interesting to note that the difference between the terms is basically sexual/gender when a componential analysis is carried out on them.
From these results, event maps were constructed, followed by domain analysis that utilized Spradley's (1980) methodological approach that included a taxonomic and componential analysis of the data.
In a semantic analysis architectural terms can be examined according to the methodology of componential analysis. Below is an attempt at adapting the method used by Riemer (2010) for representing some terms relating to the structure of a gothic church:
Robbins, "A componential analysis of task-switching deficits associated with lesions of left and right frontal cortex," Brain, vol.
The present study is based on the idea that meaning consists of some smaller aspects or components (for componential analysis see Fodor and Katz 1963, Nida 1975).
Sternberg hopes that the application of componential analysis to simulations of real-world task performance will contribute to an understanding of how intelligence operates in that area of human activity.
Psychotherapist burnout: A componential analysis. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 20, 32-36.