componential analysis


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componential analysis

a technique, based in phonological LINGUISTICS, for analysing complex elements into their components. In semantics, for example, the meaning of ‘woman’ could be seen as analysable into ‘human’ + ‘female’, which would be the components. Thus, research in a field of COGNITIVE ANTHROPOLOGY may involve assembling the apparently available kinship terms, and then seeking to identify the underlying components or dimensions which, taken together, would yield a particular term. Thus, ‘aunt’ might involve ‘female’ + ‘one generation older’ + ‘one distance of indirect descent’. ‘Great aunt’ would involve two generations, and so on. The ideal would be to account for all variation in the terminology of a field. Similar systems of relation and contrast have also been sought for actions themselves.
References in periodicals archive ?
At the level of componential analysis of the key terms in the proposition (Kempson, 1977; Lyons, 1977), it is interesting to note that the difference between the terms is basically sexual/gender when a componential analysis is carried out on them.
From these results, event maps were constructed, followed by domain analysis that utilized Spradley's (1980) methodological approach that included a taxonomic and componential analysis of the data.
In a semantic analysis architectural terms can be examined according to the methodology of componential analysis.
Thus our inventory was expanded by a kind of componential analysis of semantic features (see for example Nida 1976, Zic Fuchs 1991), however, it is important to note that we do not consider these semantic features as semantic components proper, i.
The present study is based on the idea that meaning consists of some smaller aspects or components (for componential analysis see Fodor and Katz 1963, Nida 1975).
Sternberg hopes that the application of componential analysis to simulations of real-world task performance will contribute to an understanding of how intelligence operates in that area of human activity.
When the taxonomies were identified, a componential analysis was done, which according to Spradley, implies the systematic search of attributes or significance components associated to cultural symbols.
content analysis method of constant comparison, discourse analysis, componential analysis, keywords in context, analytic induction, word count, domain analysis, taxonomic analysis).
These steps were 1) entering the field and locating informants, 2) doing participant observation, 3) making a record, 4) asking descriptive questions, 5) analyzing the interviews, 6) creating domain analysis, 7) asking structural questions, 8) performing taxonomic analysis, 9) asking contrasting questions, 10) performing componential analysis, 11) doing a theme analysis, and 12) writing the findings.
To do this, a systematic series of componential analysis studies would be ideal.
Componential Analysis: Componential analysis discovers the attributes associated with each cultural symbol.