computer-aided manufacturing


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computer-aided manufacturing

(CAM), a form of automationautomation,
automatic operation and control of machinery or processes by devices, such as robots that can make and execute decisions without human intervention. The principal feature of such devices is their use of self-correcting control systems that employ feedback, i.e.
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 where computers communicate work instructions directly to the manufacturing machinery. The technology evolved from the numerically controlled machines of the 1950s, which were directed by a set of coded instructions contained in a punched paper tape. Today a single computer can control banks of roboticrobotics,
science and technology of general purpose, programmable machine systems. Contrary to the popular fiction image of robots as ambulatory machines of human appearance capable of performing almost any task, most robotic systems are anchored to fixed positions in factories
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 milling machines, lathes, welding machines, and other tools, moving the product from machine to machine as each step in the manufacturing process is completed. Such systems allow easy, fast reprogramming from the computer, permitting quick implementation of design changes. The most advanced systems, which are often integrated with computer-aided designcomputer-aided design
(CAD) or computer-aided design and drafting
(CADD), form of automation that helps designers prepare drawings, specifications, parts lists, and other design-related elements using special graphics- and calculations-intensive computer programs.
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 systems, can also manage such tasks as parts ordering, scheduling, and tool replacement.

computer-aided manufacturing

[kəm′pyüd·ər ‚ād·əd ‚man·ə′fak·chə·riŋ]
(control systems)
The use of computers in converting engineering designs into finished products. Computers assist managers, manufacturing engineers, and production workers by automating many production tasks, such as developing process plans, ordering and tracking materials, and monitoring production schedules, as well as controlling the machines, industrial robots, test equipment, and systems that move and store materials in the factory. Abbreviated CAM.

CAM

(1) (Computer-Aided Manufacturing) The automation of manufacturing systems and techniques, including numerical control, process control, robotics and materials requirements planning (MRP). See CAD and CAD/CAM.

(2) (CAMera) See Webcam, front-facing camera, rear-facing camera and network camera.

(3) (Content Addressable Memory) A hardware technique used for fast table lookups. See content-addressable memory.

(4) (Common Access Method) An ANSI standard interface that provides a common language between drivers and SCSI host adapters. See SCSI and ASPI.

(5) (Customer Asset Management) In the 1990s, a term that was first coined for and later replaced with "customer relationship management (CRM). See CRM.
References in periodicals archive ?
Capability: The computer-aided manufacturing program RhinoCAM 2.0 is a plug-in CAM application for the CAD program Rhinoceros 4.0.
Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) software probably also falls in this category.
Computer-aided manufacturing measurement (CAM2) is the engineering, measurement and control of dimensional quality by anyone in production using design data.
Other technologies that support customization include computer numerical control, computer-aided design, material requirements planning, and computer-aided manufacturing. Software-based MRP computerizes processes and schedules on the factory floor.
Using 3DCAD, it is possible to construct a wire-frame model that can then be surfaced and tool pathed, providing usable data for numerically controlled machine centers for computer-aided manufacturing (CAM).
18 February 2013 - German computer-aided design (CAD) and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) software solutions provider Mensch und Maschine Software SE (ETR:MUM) said Monday it had acquired French value-added CAD reseller Visiograph-GDS for an undisclosed amount.
The team, for instance, uses a 3-axis milling machine retrofit for computer numerical control and offline programming with the computer-aided manufacturing software EdgeCAM from Planit Solutions of Southfield, Mich., said team captain Kevin Elgin.
FARO Technologies Inc, a leader in Computer-Aided Manufacturing Measurement (CAM2), has launched a five-language web site with an interactive electronic product catalog.
Computer-Aided Design and Computer-Aided Manufacturing systems (CAD/CAM) allow design modifications and new designs to be developed quickly, with the manufacturing requirements automatically generated from the design specifications.
The Tech Center's computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) area contains five CNC machines, including eight-and six-spindle pattern duplication machines, plus two vertical-and one horizontal-axis machines.

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