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computer-aided manufacturing(CAM), a form of automationautomation,
automatic operation and control of machinery or processes by devices, such as robots that can make and execute decisions without human intervention. The principal feature of such devices is their use of self-correcting control systems that employ feedback, i.e.
..... Click the link for more information. where computers communicate work instructions directly to the manufacturing machinery. The technology evolved from the numerically controlled machines of the 1950s, which were directed by a set of coded instructions contained in a punched paper tape. Today a single computer can control banks of roboticrobotics,
science and technology of general purpose, programmable machine systems. Contrary to the popular fiction image of robots as ambulatory machines of human appearance capable of performing almost any task, most robotic systems are anchored to fixed positions in factories
..... Click the link for more information. milling machines, lathes, welding machines, and other tools, moving the product from machine to machine as each step in the manufacturing process is completed. Such systems allow easy, fast reprogramming from the computer, permitting quick implementation of design changes. The most advanced systems, which are often integrated with computer-aided designcomputer-aided design
(CAD) or computer-aided design and drafting
(CADD), form of automation that helps designers prepare drawings, specifications, parts lists, and other design-related elements using special graphics- and calculations-intensive computer programs.
..... Click the link for more information. systems, can also manage such tasks as parts ordering, scheduling, and tool replacement.
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computer-aided manufacturing[kəm′pyüd·ər ‚ād·əd ‚man·ə′fak·chə·riŋ]
The use of computers in converting engineering designs into finished products. Computers assist managers, manufacturing engineers, and production workers by automating many production tasks, such as developing process plans, ordering and tracking materials, and monitoring production schedules, as well as controlling the machines, industrial robots, test equipment, and systems that move and store materials in the factory. Abbreviated CAM.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
CAM(1) (Computer-Aided Manufacturing) The automation of manufacturing systems and techniques, including numerical control, process control, robotics and materials requirements planning (MRP). See CAD and CAD/CAM.
(2) (CAMera) See Webcam, front-facing camera, rear-facing camera and network camera.
(3) (Content Addressable Memory) A hardware technique used for fast table lookups. See content-addressable memory.
(4) (Common Access Method) An ANSI standard interface that provides a common language between drivers and SCSI host adapters. See SCSI and ASPI.
(5) (Customer Asset Management) In the 1990s, a term that was first coined for and later replaced with "customer relationship management (CRM). See CRM.
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