computing device

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computing device

Any electronic equipment controlled by a CPU, including desktop and laptop computers, smartphones and tablets. It usually refers to a general-purpose device that can accept software for many purposes in contrast with a dedicated unit of equipment such as a network switch or router.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Computing Device


a decision-making device that automatically performs one mathematical operation or a sequence of them in order to solve one problem or class of uniform problems. Computing devices can be autonomous or part of a complex system. As a rule, autonomous compuling devices are used as auxiliary means in executing calculating, design, and other problems (for example, a slide rule, a curvometer, or a planimeter). As part of complex systems, computers fill specific functions, such as that of interpolator in a machine operation system. There are analogue computers (continuous action) and digital computers (discrete action). A special class of analogue computer is formed by models; an example is the calculating board of alternating current—the mock-up of an energy system executed on a predetermined scale. Combined analogue-digital computers are occasionally used.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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