conceptual art

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conceptual art,

art movement that began in the 1960s and stresses the artist's concept rather than the art object itself. Growing out of minimalismminimalism,
schools of contemporary art and music, with their origins in the 1960s, that have emphasized simplicity and objectivity. Minimalism in the Visual Arts
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, conceptual art turned the artist's thoughts and ideas themselves into the primary artistic medium, appealing to the spectator's intellect instead of emotions. The movement was partially a reaction to what many artists considered the overcommercialization of art objects in the moneyed world of art galleries and museums. At times in conceptual art, the tangible work of art is no longer present at all, but consists of a set of instructions, texts, notes, diagrams, or other kinds of documentation. In other cases, an image may be present, but the idea behind it is of greater importance than its execution or physical manifestation.

The term "concept art" first appeared (1961) in a publication by Fluxus, an avant-garde art group, and conceptual art was defined at length (1967) in an article by Sol LeWittLeWitt, Sol
, 1928–2007, American artist, b. Hartford, Conn. LeWitt, who came into prominence in the 1960s, termed his work conceptual art, emphasizing that the idea or concept that animates each work is its most important aspect.
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, one of the movement's best-known adherents. Another of the movement's founders was the California artist John BaldessariBaldessari, John
(John Anthony Baldessari), 1931–2020, American artist, b. National City, Calif., grad. San Diego State College (now Univ.; B.A., 1953; M.F.A., 1957).
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. Among the other artists associated with the movement are Joseph Kosuth, Bruce NaumanNauman, Bruce
, 1941–, American artist, b. Fort Wayne, Ind., B.A. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison (1964), M.F.A. Univ. of California, Davis (1966). One of the most innovative and influential contemporary American artists, he was partially responsible for restoring political,
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, Robert MorrisMorris, Robert
(Robert Eugene Morris), 1931–2018, American artist, b. Kansas City, Mo., studied Kansas City Art Institute, California School of Fine Arts, Reed College. He settled in New York City in 1959.
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, On Kawara, members of Britain's Art and Language movement, and to a large degree, the visionary artist Agnes Denes. Many of the movement's works of art were conceptualized by the artists but executed by artisans who worked at the artists' direction. The ideas that fueled the conceptual art movement of the 1960s and 70s continued to influence and animate the work of many artists of the late 20th and early 21st cent. See also contemporary artcontemporary art,
the art of the late 20th cent. and early 21st cent., both an outgrowth and a rejection of modern art. As the force and vigor of abstract expressionism diminished, new artistic movements and styles arose during the 1960s and 70s to challenge and displace
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.

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References in periodicals archive ?
<B Conceptual artist Cerith Wyn Evans sits in front of his work Composition for 37 flutes (in two parts), 2018, after he was awarded the Hepworth Prize for Sculpture Danny Lawson
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In this multi-authored biography/autobiography, Australian painter and conceptual artist Denise Green writes of her own coming of age in the art world, trends in art, and her interactions with major artists, curators, critics, and art historians since the 1960s.
There's a lot to like but Marion, a conceptual artist, and Mingus - a jazz-loving radio DJ - are so right-on it's hard to like them.

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