concrete slab


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concrete slab

[′käŋ‚krēt ′slab]
(civil engineering)
A flat, reinforced-concrete structural member, relatively sizable in length and width, but shallow in depth; used for floors, roofs, and bridge decks.

Concrete slab

A shallow, reinforced-concrete structural member that is very wide compared with depth. Spanning between beams, girders, or columns, slabs are used for floors, roofs, and bridge decks. If they are cast integrally with beams or girders, they may be considered the top flange of those members and act with them as a T beam. See Concrete, Concrete beam

A one-way slab is supported on four sides and has a much larger span in one direction than in the other may be assumed to be supported only along its long sides. It may be designed as a beam spanning in the short direction. For this purpose a 1-ft width can be chosen and the depth of slab and reinforcing determined for this unit. Some steel is also placed in the long direction to resist temperature stresses and distribute concentrated loads. The area of the steel generally is at least 0.20% of the concrete area.

A slab supported on four sides and with reinforcing steel perpendicular to all sides is called a two-way slab. Such slabs generally are designed by empirical methods. A two-way slab is divided into strips for design purposes.

When a slab is supported directly on columns, without beams and girders, it is called a flat plate or flat slab. Although thicker and more heavily reinforced than slabs in beam-and-girder construction, flat slabs are advantageous because they offer no obstruction to passage of light (as beam construction does); savings in story height and in the simpler formwork involved; less danger of collapse due to overload; and better fire protection with a sprink­ler system because the spray is not obstructed by beams. See Concrete column, Reinforced concrete

concrete slab

A flat, rectangular, reinforced concrete structural member; especially used for floors, roofs, pads, etc.
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