Condottieri


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Condottieri

 

leaders of mercenary military detachments (or companies) in Italy from the 14th through 16th centuries in the service of individual rulers and popes.

The condottieri became very important in the continuous warfare between the Italian states. In the 14th century most of the recruits were foreign knights, but at the end of the 14th century Italian condottieri began displacing the foreigners. Some condottieri seized power in cities and established tyrannies, like Francesco Sforza in Milan. The condottieri, who plundered and devastated Italy, contributed to the weakening of the country. In the late 15th century, when infantry and artillery became more important than cavalry (the main force of the condottieri), the institution of the condottieri gradually began to disappear.

References in periodicals archive ?
(68) In practice, however, service could and did lead to material rewards, from ordi soldiers' pay to the land, houses and monuments granted to the great Venetian condottieri. (69) Thus, though martial honor and monetary rewards were frequently thought of in oppositional terms--in a way that commercial credit and money were not--in fact, the structuring tensions between good name and goods, and between outward estimation and inward worth, existed in the military context as well as in the commercial sphere.
The side which possesses most is likely to become the stronger, particularly in a conflict where many recruits are condottieri rather than converts.
The objectives of [private military companies] and their clients will differ, just as those of the condottieri and the provveditori did in the Middle Ages.
Much like the condottieri, bloated with impossibly heavy armor, the Spanish Navy was perfectly insulated from internal risk and completely vulnerable to a lighter, more maneuverable adversary actually capable of making decisions.
The latter, up to 1648, involved plundering and looting, as well as attacks on civilians, and implied privatized forms of waging war (mercenaries, condottieri).
In more recent times, the equestrian portraits of famous condottieri such Donatello's Gattamelata, Verrrochio's Bartolomeo Colleoni, and the Paolo Savelli monument offered telling exempla (fig.4, 5).
In their bases and quarters the Genoese merchants behaved as independent condottieri and shrewd merchants retaining their freedom of action.
While condottieri and mercenaries are examples of private actors engaged by states to fight in wars of the past, in contemporary times a range of different non-sate actors have been active not only in war and conflict zones but also in combating crime and other non-traditional security threats.
Alli donde se denotan las olas de democratizacion creciente se obvia realizar mencion alguna a la vinculacion de la dinamica capitalista con la acumulacion de poderes de facto de las companias transnacionales y sus condottieri. En definitiva <<la democracia liberal es un lujo politico que no todos los paises estan en condiciones de asumir>> (48).
Where Bildhauer is most convincing, I think, is in discussing films from the Nazi era, such as Das Madchen Johanna (1935) and Condottieri (1937), whose agenda of glorifying the collective at the expense of the individual, is self-evident.