Following the establishment of a reference plane, all Condylus mandibulae measures were made in relation to an orthogonal axes system determined by that plane.
In addition to the measurements in Figure 1, each 3-dimensional Condylus mandibulae was also measured at its longest point (anterior to posterior) (Fig.
Statistical analysis indicates that digital calliper and the corresponding 3-dimensional microCT measurements of the Condylus mandibulaes (Table I) were statistically similar for measures of width (medial-lateral) and length (anterior-posterior); however, measures of height (neck-top of condyle) were statistically not significant.
Mean and standard deviation values for 2 -dimensional microCT measurements for the 14 Condylus mandibulaes are presented in Table II.
The present study used similar methodology to previous studies (Meng et al.; Cho et al.; Karlo et al.) to determine morphology of the Condylus mandibulae in an elderly population (Table I).
In the current study, microCT measurements of greatest width (mediolateral), length (anteroposterior) and height of the Condylus mandibulaes were compared to identical digital calliper measurements of cadaveric specimens (Table I).
During Condylus mandibulae height determination, a limitation was encountered.
The present study is the first to accurately analyze the morphology of the Condylus mandibulae in an elderly population using microCT.