confessional technologies(FOUCAULT) practices that embed individuals within conceptions of self/identity which through assisted self-examination (with psychiatrists, social workers, etc.) enable them to develop as ‘normal’/‘moral’ persons. Such distinctively modern technologies operate by the construction of‘types’ and agencies that involve both the constitution and ‘policing’ of behaviour.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000