confounding


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confounding

[kən′fau̇nd·iŋ]
(statistics)
Method used in design of factorial experiments in which some information about higher-order interaction is sacrificed so that estimates of main effects in lower-order interactions can be more precise.
References in periodicals archive ?
Keim cautions that these results do not apply to preterm children and don't account for all possible confounding factors.
Recent evidence comes from a study on prison inmates in the United States in which inmates who reported a history of TB also reported higher sexual risk factors than those without such a history, although confounding by HIV infection cannot be entirely ruled out (9).
The lack of efforts to study context, recommended by some authorities on evaluation research design (National Science Foundation, 1997; Patton, 1990), were particularly problematic because of potential confounding variables that were not addressed methodologically in the Hutchinson study.
Another major confounding factor is that Web sites are dynamic, i.
After controlling for income and other confounding variables like smoking or exercise, relative risk for all-cause mortality for more frequent vacations--at least one vacation per 12-month period--was 17% less than their non-vacationing counterparts.
A curious and sometimes confounding melange of the creative and the critical, The Messenger Reader is a useful addition to the black literary archive and a welcome read for lovers of literature.
Confounding the odds for the program's success has been the fact that, until last October, officials had only one white abalone in captivity, a male.
Alternately alluring and confounding, The Loss of Sexual Innocence hearkens back to all those obsessive early nouvelle-vague efforts of Alain Resnais and Jean-Luc Godard, the ones that sent our parents fleeing to some diner afterward to argue over coffee and cake whether it was fabulous or a piece of shit.
company named Confounding Factor to be headed up by Toby Gard and Paul
Along with confounding "tasteful" critical opinion in Canada, he also found himself to be a bankable genre auteur who could muster impressive budgets and still maintain a degree of artistic control.
To add insult to injury, the general practitioner is now also called "primary care provider," gatekeeper, triage physician, and other even more confounding terms.
A possible source of excessive experimental error was confounding effects.