Torticollis

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Related to congenital muscular torticollis: plagiocephaly

torticollis

[‚tȯrd·ə′käl·əs]
(medicine)
A deformity of the neck resulting from contraction of the cervical muscles or fascia. Also known as wryneck.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Torticollis

 

or wryneck, a deformity of the neck caused by a unilateral tension of the muscles and soft tissues of the neck, or by distortion of the neck region of the spine; it is accompanied by improper position of the head. Congenital torticollis is a result of improper intrauterine development or birth trauma; acquired torticollis appears after injury or burns or as a result of inflammation of the muscles or lymph glands of the neck.

The head is inclined to the side of the affected muscle, the occiput approaches the shoulder on that side, and the chin is turned and raised toward the opposite side. Head movements, especially lateral ones, are substantially limited. If there has been no timely treatment, such secondary deformities as asymmetry of the face and skull and deformation of the spine are added to the basic deformity. Torticollis is treated by an orthopedic physician.

REFERENCES

Zatsepin, S. T. Ortopediia detskogo i podrostkovogo vozrasta, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1956.
Zatsepin, S. T. Vrozhdennaia myshechnaia krivosheia. Moscow, 1960. (Bibliography.)
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Botulinum toxin injection for congenital muscular torticollis presenting in children and adults.
Therapeutic effect of microcurrent therapy in infants with congenital muscular torticollis. PM R 2009;1:736-9.
Success of nonoperative treatment for congenital muscular torticollis is dependent on early therapy.
Biterminal tenotomy for the treatment of congenital muscular torticollis. J Bone Joint Surg Am 1992;74:427-34.
Reliability of still photography measuring habitual head deviation from midline in infants with congenital muscular torticollis. Pediatr Phys Ther 2010;22:399-406.
Karmel-Ross K (2006): Congenital muscular torticollis. In Campbell SK, Palisano RJ and Vander Linden DW (Eds): Physical therapy for children (3rd ed.).
Klackenberg EP, Elfving B, Haglund-Akerlind Y and Carlberg EB (2005): Intra-rater reliability in measuring range of motion in infants with congenital muscular torticollis. Advances in Physiotherapy 7: 84-91.
Ohman A and Beckung E (2005): Functional and cosmetic status in children treated for congenital muscular torticollis as infants.
Rahlin M (2005): TAMO therapy as a major component of physical therapy intervention for an infant with congenital muscular torticollis: a case report.
Scott Freed S and Coulter-O'Berry C (2004): Identification and treatment of congenital muscular torticollis in infants.

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