congregation


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congregation

1. a group of persons gathered for worship, prayer, etc., esp in a church or chapel
2. the group of persons habitually attending a given church, chapel, etc.
3. RC Church
a. a society of persons who follow a common rule of life but who are bound only by simple vows
b. an administrative subdivision of the papal curia
c. an administrative committee of bishops for arranging the business of a general council
4. Chiefly Brit an assembly of senior members of a university

Congregation

 

in Catholicism. (1) A religious organization linked directly with monastic orders, consisting of priests and laymen. Some monastic orders have a large number of congregations—for example, the Benedictine order in the 1960’s with 20 male and 16 female congregations. Each congregation has its own regulations, which are approved by the pope or bishops. The members of a congregation do not take solemn vows, as do the members of monastic orders, but rather simple vows, for a specific period of time or for life. The goals of a congregation are nominally purely religious or religious and philanthropic; in fact, however, the congregations are involved in the political plans of the Catholic Church. Congregations first appeared around 1600 and became widespread in the 19th century.

The most important congregations of the late 1960’s were the Congregation of the Holy Ghost (founded in 1703, with headquarters in Paris; 5,150 members), the Redemptorists (founded in 1732, with headquarters in Naples; more than 9,000 members), the Oblates of the Immaculate Virgin Mary (founded in 1816, with its center in Aix-en-Provence; 7,900 members), the Marists (founded in 1817, with its center in Bordeaux; about 3,500 members), and the Salesians (founded in 1859, with its center in Turin; 22,600 members).

(2) A union of several monasteries under a single leadership.

(3) An establishment forming part of the Roman papal curia.

I. EL’VIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Established by the endowment in 2000, the program's grants allow Christian congregations to support their pastors with the gift of extended time away from their ministerial duties and responsibilities.
A total of 582 Eid congregations will be held in the capital under two city corporations - Dhaka South City Corporation (DSCC) and Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC) - marking the holy Eid-ul-Azha on Monday, reports BSS.
invite you to change your mind and attitude sincerely...If you don't respond positively I will be constrained to proceed with your dismissal from Congregation.aACA[yen]
The committee will be responsible to look after the arrangements for the congregation which will be held in November next month.
The main congregation of Eidul Azha was held at Eidgah Charsadda Road, Peshawar.
As a result, the Hebrew Congregation is planning to convert an old house on the site into a new synagogue and sell the rest of the plot to McCarthy and Stone, the UK's leading developer of retirement homes.
as one in we will loca"We're a much smaller congregation than we used to be.
The Eid congregation was held at Eidgah Toghi Road in the city.
Being on good terms with congregations of other denominations, even sharing buildings, was not the same thing as becoming a united congregation.
The first of the five points states that there is a "duty" to report "allegations of the abuse of office by a bishop connected to the abuse of minors" to the Vatican--specifically, to the three congregations that oversee bishops: the Congregation for Bishops, the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, and the Congregation for the Oriental Churches.
Nativity's leaders were interested in participating, primarily because they were interested in how the congregation's finding its story in Scripture could inform taking the message of Christ out into our community.
When congregations learn about their local context and the ways they interact with that place, they are empowered for more effective, creative, and locally relevant urban ministry.

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