Conjecture

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Conjecture

 

the restoration of a part of a text that is unreadable or completely absent in the original manuscript, which a researcher introduces into a text in the course of a scholarly description. The reconstruction of a text is based on historical, linguistic, and paleographic data. The use of certain textual elements is assumed to be systematic throughout a manuscript, for example, uniform makeup and consistency in orthography and in the use of words, syntactic forms, and expressions. Reconstruction is also possible on the basis of more general historical and philological data, as, for instance, the restoration of standard ritual or juridical formulas.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.