Conjugate Diameters

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conjugate diameters

[′kän·jə·gət dī′am·əd·ərz]
(mathematics)
For a conic section, any pair of straight lines either of which bisects all the chords that are parallel to the other.
For an ellipsoid or hyperboloid, any three lines passing through the point of symmetry of the surface such that the plane containing the conjugate diameters (first definition) of one of the lines also contains the other two lines.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Conjugate Diameters

 

Two diameters of a conic are said to be conjugate if each of them bisects the chords of the conic that are parallel to the other. Conjugate diameters play an important role in the general theory of conies. In the case of a parallel projection of an ellipse into a circle, conjugate diameters of the ellipse are projected into a pair of mutually perpendicular diameters of the circle.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A Pearson correlation was used to establish the linear association between the API and the obstetric conjugate diameter measured by ultrasonography, obtaining an r value of 0.543 (p = 0.000).
The formula to predict the obstetric conjugate diameter, having the API as a predictor, is the following:
The obstetric conjugate diameter, which corresponds to internal pelvimetry, was selected because it represents the narrowest space of the initial part of the birth canal and can be easily measured by ultrasonography.