The limited capacity of culture-based methods for the identification of bacteria from the feline conjunctiva makes standard procedures incomplete.
The feline conjunctiva may be inhabited by a diverse microbial community consisting of hundreds or thousands of species, with relatively few genera predominating.
Hartmann, "Detection of bacterial and viral organisms from the conjunctiva of cats with conjunctivitis and upper respiratory tract disease," Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, vol.
To determine if proinflammatory cytokines detected in TSP-1 null conjunctiva may alter the secretory function of goblet cells, we exposed goblet cell cultures derived from WT conjunctiva explants to Th1 (IFN-[gamma] and TNF-[alpha]), Th2 (IL-13), and Th17 (IL-17A and IL-6) cytokines for 24 hr, prior to their cholinergic stimulation with carbachol.
Together, our results suggest that in an inflammatory environment in TSP-1 null conjunctiva the inhibitory effects of Th1 cytokines predominate over the enhancing effect of IL-6 on goblet cell secretory function.
Similar changes are reported in the conjunctiva of SS patients [24, 25].
a) Friction between the conjunctiva and the tarsal plate
In which region of the bulbar conjunctiva would you expect to see most lissamine green staining in a non-contact lens wearer?
trachomatis could be detected, with the tools locally available, in the conjunctiva of children presenting follicles in rural areas of three different states of Mexico: Chiapas, Oaxaca, and Zacatecas.
After administration of 1% tetracaine eye drops, the inferior eye lid was reverted with sterile gauze, and the follicles in the inferior conjunctiva were scraped with sterile, disposable, apyrogenic, stainless-steel, Kimura-like spatulas.
Several reports show that the incidence of mycotic infection of eyes increased in the last decade.1 How-ever there are few cases of fungal infection of the conjunctiva in literatures.
Eyes fungal infections are usually caused by environmental endogenous fungi that have been related to the indoor/outdoor air microbial pollution.8 Fungi may infect the ocular structures such as cornea, orbit, conjunctiva etc.