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mania

a mental disorder characterized by great excitement and occasionally violent behaviour

Mania

 

a state characterized by excessive elevation of mood and cheerfulness, an acceleration of associative processes, instability, distractibility, and agitophasia.

Mania may arise with schizophrenia, infectious and intoxicative diseases, injuries, or brain tumors. The condition is manifested most typically in the manic state of manic-depressive psychosis.

In antiquity the term “mania” referred to all forms of mental disturbance with motor and speech agitation. Later, it was used as a synonym for delirium or an irresistible urge (for example, pyromania, the urge to set fires, and kleptomania, the urge to steal). In the first half of the 19th century the French psychiatrist J. E. D. Esquirol advanced the popular conception of monomania—an obsession with a single idea or urge. From the mid-19th century to the beginning of the 20th, mania was considered a separate disease.

I. I. LUKOMSKII

mania

[′mān·yə]
(psychology)
Excessive enthusiasm or excitement; a violent desire or passion; manifestation of a psychotic disorder.

Mania

ancient Roman goddess of the dead. [Rom. Myth.: Zimmerman, 159]
See: Death
References in periodicals archive ?
My prankster mate, Barney, says his favourite word is 'conniption'.
Scientists always have a conniption when I say this, but I'll say it anyway (I like watching people have conniptions): Science is not objective.
Word has it that the CIA threw a conniption ft and the State Department backed off.
Once when I was traveling to Amsterdam, the Dutch woman at the airport had some kind of conniption when she looked at my Saudi passport.
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Her trainer Brian Meehan is enjoying another fine season with the likes of Lady Of The Desert and Arcano flying the flag for Manton and Conniption could well be another juvenile who goes on to much better things.
I HAVE been taken to task for using the word conniption by a reader from Cowcliffe.
The group had a conniption and posted the following on its website: "Of course, Claudia is no more a lesbian than the man in the moon.
Those examples may seem relatively benign--after all, a cow producing human protein is still basically a cow--but it is fear of a slippery slope toward confusion between human and animal that really causes conniption fits.
"If I signed those books OJess Kirkman,' " he tells his mother, "you'd have a conniption fit." In this way the novel works like a house of mirrors between real and imagined worlds.
But so alert has The X-Files been to every fitful conniption of an epileptic culture that it is now received wisdom, or at least Established Lore -- with its own Web sites, a product line of mugs, caps, T-shirts, comic books, prosthetic limbs and gels, and a ten-city "X-Po" road show in hangars like the Javits Center in Manhattan.