consonance


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Related to consonance: assonance

consonance

, consonancy
1. Prosody similarity between consonants, but not between vowels, as between the s and t sounds in sweet silent thought
2. Music
a. an aesthetically pleasing sensation or perception associated with the interval of the octave, the perfect fourth and fifth, the major and minor third and sixth, and chords based on these intervals
b. an interval or chord producing this sensation

Consonance

 

the blending of tones sounded simultaneously, as well as the harmonies in which the tones blend with one another. Consonance as a concept is juxtaposed to dissonance.

Consonance is a tranquil, soft sound that has an agreeable effect on the perceiving nerve centers; it is considered to be the expression of stability, repose, and the resolution of tensions. The unison, octave, fifth, fourth, and major and minor thirds and sixths are consonant (the perfect fourth in relation to the lower tone is treated as a dissonant interval), as well as chords composed of these intervals alone, without the inclusion of dissonant intervals—that is, major and minor triads and their inversions.

From the mathematical-acoustical point of view the difference between consonance and dissonance is only quantitative (the ratio of the frequencies of dissonant intervals form more complicated fractions), and the line of demarcation between them is arbitrary. Within the limits of the major-minor system the difference between consonance and dissonance is qualitative; it achieves a level of sharp opposition and contrast and possesses independent aesthetic value.

REFERENCES

Helmholtz, H. Uchenie o slukhovykh oshchushcheniiakh kak fiziologicheskaia osnova dlia teorii muzyki. St. Petersburg, 1875. (Translated from German.)
Chevalier, L. Istoriia uchenii o garmonii. Moscow, 1931. (Translated from French.)
Kleshchov, S. V. “K voprosu o razlichii dissoniruiushchikh i konsoniruiushchikh sozvuchii.” Trudy fiziologicheskikh laboratorii im. akad. I. P. Pavlova, vol. 10. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941.
Tchaikovsky, P. I. “Rukovodstvo k prakticheskomu izucheniiu garmonii.” Sobr. soch., vol. IIIa. Moscow, 1957.
Medushevskii, V. V. “Konsonans i dissonans kak elementy muzykal’noi znakovoi sistemy.” In VI Vsesoiuznaia akusticheskaia konferentsiia. Moscow, 1968. Section K.
Stumpf, K. Konsonanz und Dissonanz. Leipzig, 1898. (Beiträge zur Akustik und Musikwissenschaft, issue 1).

IU. N. KHOLOPOV

consonance

[′kän·sə·nəns]
(acoustics)
The interval between two tones whose frequencies are in a ratio approximately equal to the quotient of two whole numbers, each equal to or less than 6, or to such a quotient multiplied or divided by some power of 2.
References in periodicals archive ?
After reviewing previous studies on the influence of actors' voices on the viewpoints represented in the news, I formulate hypotheses on consonance between the presence of key voices and viewpoints in immigration news.
Type of correlations between the criteria strong positive consonance [0,95; 1] positive consonance [0,85; 0,95) weak positive consonance [0,75; 0,85) weak dissonance [0,67; 0,75) dissonance [0,57; 0,67) strong dissonance [0,43; 0,57) dissonance [0,33; 0,43) weak dissonance [0,25; 0,33) weak negative consonance [0,15; 0,25) negative consonance [0,15; 0,05) strong negative consonance [0,05; 0] 3.
Consonance Capital Partners was advised by Latham and Watkins LLP and Bass, Berry and Sims PLC.
According to Lakhani, "We anticipate initiatives to be announced in consonance with government sponsored banks to pick up these larger projects.
Smullen, out of luck on three Weld-trained favourites on the card, scored on board Joe Murphy's Consonance in the James P Cunningham Electrical Handicap and followed-up when 9/10 favourite Three Kingdoms made all for an emphatic win in the concluding maiden.
The source added that this false news promoted by al-Jazeera, al-Arabiya and the Israeli Channel and the simultaneity and consonance among them comes in the framework of raising the deteriorating spirits of the terrorist groups after the crushing blows which they were dealt by the Syrian Arab Army.
Back to the Flat action on a quietly appealing card and Consonance is of intrigue in the extended mile handicap.
Besides, it should be in consonance with the extant regulations regarding tenor of payment or realization of the proceeds.
The NCMF, created by Republic Act 9997, is mandated to preserve and develop the culture, tradition, institutions, and well-being of Muslim Filipinos, in conformity with the country's laws and in consonance with national unity and development.
But, this certainly does not mean that Gruevski can, alone, invite a referendum without consonance from the opposition.
The consonance for Trpevski is only given to not cause a diplomatic scandal and avoid worsening of the relations between the two countries.
This is our sovereign decision and the government of Pakistan will take decisions only in consonance with its own national interests," The Dawn quoted Basit as saying.