Consortium

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consortium

1. an association of financiers, companies, etc., esp one formed for a particular purpose
2. Law the right of husband or wife to the company, assistance, and affection of the other

Consortium

 

in biogeocenology, an association of populations of organisms whose vital activity revolves around the central species of a phytocoenosis, an autotrophic plant.

An edificator, the main species that determines the characteristics of the phytocoenosis, usually acts as the central species of the consortium. Other species, including heterotrophic organisms (parasites, saprophytes), are sometimes associated with the central species in a one-sided manner—through consumption or in providing shade. This nucleus of a consortium is the source of existence for the second, third, and subsequent circles that are made up of organisms that destroy the organic matter created by the central and other autotrophic species that use the energy they contain. The term “consortium” has been applied in the 1970’s to the symbiosis of certain plants (for example, the alga and fungus that make up a lichen).


Consortium

 

a temporary agreement between several capitalist banks and/or industrial companies to extract monopolistic profits through the joint investment of a loan or the realization of a common large-scale industrial project.

One of the forms of fusing of bank and industrial capital, the consortium has developed particularly since World War II. The participants of the consortium can include both private and government organizations. In the 1960’s consortiums of a new type, with entire countries as members, came into existence. Under the conditions of the scientific and technological revolution, corsortiums have arisen in new sectors and at the junctions of different sectors. In such cases, besides the fusion of capital, joint scientific research is also envisaged. When a consortium is founded, the companies participating in it fully preserve their independence, but in the particular field of activity of the consortium they are subordinated to a jointly elected management. A characteristic feature of a consortium is the inequality of the relationship among the participants.

IU. B. KOCHEVRIN

References in periodicals archive ?
These consortia especially benefit small private schools that don't have the same clout that large public schools may have, adds Bishop.
Savings on contracts within consortia can be as high as 28 percent--which Bishop notes is huge when dealing with contracts in the millions.
5 million to this consortia project for purchase of e-resources (Dr.
It also monitors international developments in this area and liaises with the International Coalition of Library Consortia (ICOLC) to bring the best possible solutions to its members.
Other types of consortia, such as national groups of similar libraries, do not offer all of these factors.
The newer consortia also address the need for sharing physical resources.
an integrated management and marketing company focused on high-tech industry associations and consortia, and
will discuss the financial impact and the benefits of standardization and participation in standards consortia.
The following consortia have also selected WebCT to help power their e-learning programs:
Thousands of colleges and universities around the world - from community colleges to large university consortia - are using WebCT to expand the boundaries of teaching and learning.
The principal value of this module is as a management tool to help consortia administrators make the best possible decisions about which journal subscriptions they need to have in their groups' collections and which ones they can afford to either renegotiate or cancel in the event of budget constraints," said Cairns.
In the past six months, nine academic consortia around the globe have signed APPEAL licensing agreements.