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1. an association of financiers, companies, etc., esp one formed for a particular purpose
2. Law the right of husband or wife to the company, assistance, and affection of the other



in biogeocenology, an association of populations of organisms whose vital activity revolves around the central species of a phytocoenosis, an autotrophic plant.

An edificator, the main species that determines the characteristics of the phytocoenosis, usually acts as the central species of the consortium. Other species, including heterotrophic organisms (parasites, saprophytes), are sometimes associated with the central species in a one-sided manner—through consumption or in providing shade. This nucleus of a consortium is the source of existence for the second, third, and subsequent circles that are made up of organisms that destroy the organic matter created by the central and other autotrophic species that use the energy they contain. The term “consortium” has been applied in the 1970’s to the symbiosis of certain plants (for example, the alga and fungus that make up a lichen).



a temporary agreement between several capitalist banks and/or industrial companies to extract monopolistic profits through the joint investment of a loan or the realization of a common large-scale industrial project.

One of the forms of fusing of bank and industrial capital, the consortium has developed particularly since World War II. The participants of the consortium can include both private and government organizations. In the 1960’s consortiums of a new type, with entire countries as members, came into existence. Under the conditions of the scientific and technological revolution, corsortiums have arisen in new sectors and at the junctions of different sectors. In such cases, besides the fusion of capital, joint scientific research is also envisaged. When a consortium is founded, the companies participating in it fully preserve their independence, but in the particular field of activity of the consortium they are subordinated to a jointly elected management. A characteristic feature of a consortium is the inequality of the relationship among the participants.


References in periodicals archive ?
Incorporating public services librarians and staff into consortial activities can be challenging but consortia like the CDL have started efforts to build resources for reference and instruction.
On an average in all the treatments with liquid bioformulation of individual (L, M and C) and consortial strains (L+M, L+C, M+C, L+M+C) of Pseudomonas sp.
Horton summarizes the most popular consortial services, noting that many others are possible.
In order to better understand how a firm can access the innovation power of their suppliers and to develop guidance for managers on how to do so, a research consortium was formed to conduct a consortial benchmarking project, a method by which a coalition of academic researchers and practitioners work together to identify best-practice firms in a particular area and benchmark the characteristics of those firms (see "The Consortial Benchmarking Method").
The Consortial members to date have reported major successes in new discovery research, attracted very significant large competitive grants (CIHR, NSERC, MSFHR) and published high impact papers in the scholarly scientific literature.
Four rather different areas of library service agendas can illustrate how creative use of these two new developments can improve the cost-benefit ratio of library expenditures: sharing printed books, storing print materials, providing access to the journal literature electronically, and providing access to electronic versions of library special collections, faculty publications, or university projects through a consortial institutional repository.
Summarizing the findings of an extensive four-year research program, he examines the interplay of knowledge management, innovation, and consortial arrangements in the Cancer Information Service, an organization charged with delivering up-to-date information to the public related to scientific advances concerning cancer.
Auto-Graphics' Library Management Platform[TM] - currently used by more than 5,500 libraries in North America - is comprised of VERSO[R] an integrated library system; SHAREit[TM] an interlibrary loan and consortial borrowing solution; and SEARCHit[TM] a federated search module.
2, April 2017) Strength in Numbers: Building a Consortial Cooperative Cataloging Partnership, the BTAA developed a pilot program among its cataloging units to match cataloging expertise at one institution with cataloging needs at another, allowing collections that might otherwise remain hidden in backlogs to be made available at the institutional level and, through ILL and union catalogs, to the world at large.
In October 2012, PALCI convened a five-member Ebooks Task Force (EBTF) to explore the feasibility of developing a consortial DDA program with 69 member institutions, including small private liberal arts schools, medium-size state universities, and large research focused institutions, with FTEs ranging from 300-85,000.