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1. an association of financiers, companies, etc., esp one formed for a particular purpose
2. Law the right of husband or wife to the company, assistance, and affection of the other



in biogeocenology, an association of populations of organisms whose vital activity revolves around the central species of a phytocoenosis, an autotrophic plant.

An edificator, the main species that determines the characteristics of the phytocoenosis, usually acts as the central species of the consortium. Other species, including heterotrophic organisms (parasites, saprophytes), are sometimes associated with the central species in a one-sided manner—through consumption or in providing shade. This nucleus of a consortium is the source of existence for the second, third, and subsequent circles that are made up of organisms that destroy the organic matter created by the central and other autotrophic species that use the energy they contain. The term “consortium” has been applied in the 1970’s to the symbiosis of certain plants (for example, the alga and fungus that make up a lichen).



a temporary agreement between several capitalist banks and/or industrial companies to extract monopolistic profits through the joint investment of a loan or the realization of a common large-scale industrial project.

One of the forms of fusing of bank and industrial capital, the consortium has developed particularly since World War II. The participants of the consortium can include both private and government organizations. In the 1960’s consortiums of a new type, with entire countries as members, came into existence. Under the conditions of the scientific and technological revolution, corsortiums have arisen in new sectors and at the junctions of different sectors. In such cases, besides the fusion of capital, joint scientific research is also envisaged. When a consortium is founded, the companies participating in it fully preserve their independence, but in the particular field of activity of the consortium they are subordinated to a jointly elected management. A characteristic feature of a consortium is the inequality of the relationship among the participants.


References in periodicals archive ?
Annual membership dues for full iWARP Consortium membership are $40,000, which covers the costs of developing and performing tests during scheduled laboratory time as well as participation in group test events and consortium meetings.
Working collectively, the consortium can help technology development move forward more smoothly than it would with each company working in isolation.
The Electra Consortium is a group of European leaders in electronic training, closely affiliated with the telecommunications industry throughout Western Europe.
The consortium aims to develop new tools to handle the shift of networks from shared media LANs to switched LANs, with dynamically defined Virtual LANs.
Consortium projects address several aspects of network management: platform-independent tools and APIs, management of switched environments and advanced management applications.
This latest initiative is an extension of the successful Accelrys Consortium model, which has in the past delivered important advancements in areas such as catalysis and combinatorial chemistry.
The UNH-IOL SAS Consortium will act as an extension of consortium members' research and development labs, helping members to vet their products for conformance to industry standards and interoperability between devices from different manufacturers.
IBM, a charter member of the Consortium, agrees with the need to continue research into the printing requirements and demands of mobile device users.
Motorola's involvement with the ADSL Consortium reinforces the necessity of interoperability as a key factor to ADSL's future success," said Scott Valcourt, ADSL Consortium manager.

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