Constant Prices

Constant Prices

 

the prices used in the planned socialist economy for planning and measurement of the actual level and rate of growth of aggregate social product and national income.

From the establishment of Soviet power until 1928, constant 1912 prices were used to measure industrial output and compare it to that of prerevolutionary Russia. During the same period, the mining industry used 1911 prices and agriculture 1912–13 prices. Between 1928 and 1950, constant 1926–27 prices were used for state-owned industry, while the output of producer cooperatives between 1932 and 1950 was measured in constant 1932 prices converted into constant 1926–27 prices through use of price indexes. Between 1950 and 1955 industrial output was calculated on the prices charged by enterprises (minus turnover tax) as of Jan. 1, 1952; from 1956 until 1966, similar prices charged as of July 1, 1955, were used. Since 1967, wholesale prices charged as of July 1, 1967, have been used as constant prices in industry.

In agriculture, constant 1926–27 prices were used between 1928 and 1950; 1951 prices were used for the years 1950–56, 1956 prices for 1956–58, and 1958 prices for 1958–65. Constant 1965 prices, averaged for the entire USSR, have been in use since 1965. In construction, the volume of capital investment and of actual construction and installation work is measured through comparative cost estimates for which prices as of Jan. 1, 1969, have been adopted as constant prices. For comparisons of growth rates in gross social product and national income, the following constant prices have been used: 1926–27 prices during 1928–50, 1951 prices during 1951–55, 1956 prices during 1956–58, and 1958 prices during 1959–65. Since 1965, constant 1965 prices have been used. The other socialist countries also use constant prices in planning and statistics, but their periodizations differ from that of the USSR.

S. G. STOLIAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
As per CSO, Real GDP or GDP at constant prices has reached Rs 32.
3 per cent at constant prices compared to the third quarter of 2016 owing to the decrease in quantities of oil produced that fell 2.
3pc at constant prices compared with the third quarter of 2016 owing to the decrease in quantities of oil produced that fell 2.
RAMALLAH, December 28, 2017 (WAFA) - Preliminary estimates at constant prices showed an increase of 5% in GDP in Palestine during third quarter 2017 compared to third quarter 2016, the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) said on Thursday.
The value of GDP at constant prices (base of 2010) from RO 0.
Abu Dhabi: Abu Dhabi's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) reached Dh209 billion in the third quarter of 2015 (at current prices) and roughly Dh200 billion at constant prices.
9% at constant prices and current respectively, he added.
The turnover indices at constant prices are obtained by deflating the indices at current prices by the corresponding indices of consumer prices, excluding: water (from public utility systems), electricity and motor vehicles, motorcycles and parts.
5 per cent of Abu Dhabi's GDP at current prices in 2012, and 48 per cent at constant prices for the same year.
according to which its growth at constant prices was by 2.
Abu Dhabi's GDP at constant prices achieved a preliminary annual growth rate of 6.
5% year-on-year in October 2011 at constant prices, after having dropped by a revised 0.

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