consular service

consular service,

organized body of public officers maintained by a government in the important ports and trade centers of foreign countries to protect the persons and interests of its nationals and to aid them in every possible way. Consuls are officially recognized by a foreign state through the issuance of an authorization known as an exequatur, which may be revoked by the admitting state at any time. The many duties of U.S. consuls in foreign states include promoting and protecting American commercial interests; issuing passports and verifying citizenship; certifying the sanitary conditions of the cargo, crew, and passengers of vessels leaving for U.S. ports; and mediating with local officials in cases of legal matters involving American citizens. The consular service was once strictly distinguished from the diplomatic servicediplomatic service,
organized body of agents maintained by governments to communicate with one another. Origins

Until the 15th cent. any formal communication or negotiation among nations was conducted either by means of ambassadors specially appointed for a
..... Click the link for more information.
, but because of the interrelated duties of the two branches, the Rogers Act of 1924 consolidated both into the Foreign Service of the Department of State. The Department of Commerce and the Department of the Treasury may place commercial attachés at a consulate office to aid in gathering statistics and promoting trade. The persons of consuls enjoy immunity and extraterritorialityextraterritoriality
or exterritoriality,
privilege of immunity from local law enforcement enjoyed by certain aliens. Although physically present upon the territory of a foreign nation, those aliens possessing extraterritoriality are considered by customary
..... Click the link for more information.
 in all matters pertaining to their official functions, and the premises of consulates are likewise privileged. Such privileges are granted either by courtesy or through special consular treaties.
References in classic literature ?
They were all guilty, from young Ardmore, a pink cherub of nineteen outward bound for some clerkship in the Consular Service, to old Captain Bentley, grizzled and sea-worn, and as emotional, to look at, as a Chinese joss.
Shortly afterwards, he went into the Consular Service.
70th Anniversary marked a week-long Consular Service to register 1139 births
There are 65 Kyrgyz citizens in the temporary detention center for foreigners in Russia, Deputy Director of the Consular Service of the Foreign Ministry of Kyrgyzstan Almaz Imangaziyev said on December 4 at the briefing.
The American Consul: A History of the United States Consular Service, 1776-1924, 2nd Edition
The diplomats hold the consular service for two days at the Sri Lankan Club in Manama.
Mr Stevens said, as he described the recommencement of the consular service an 'important milestone' in developing relations between Libya and the US He added that 'Relationships between governments are important, but relationships between people are the real foundation of mutual understanding.
In that same timeframe, consular officers in most foreign services transitioned from being a separate consular service to becoming members of the diplomatic corps.
Now, following a meeting with Mr Martin, the family has been issued with a letter of apology for the "shortcomings" of the consular service during their nightmare ordeal.
Holders of Sudanese passports have to file their visa application to the US consular service in Cairo, Egypt.
The visit was organised by the French Consular Service to encourage more French visitors to come to the region.
Beginning in February, all affairs relating to Aquitaine, Poitou-Charente, Limousin and Auvergne will be taken over by the consular service in Paris (2 Rue St.