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a. a large cargo-carrying standard-sized container that can be loaded from one mode of transport to another
b. (as modifier): a container port



a standard enclosure serving for the unpackaged transfer of goods by various means of transport. The container is a removable component (body) of transportation vehicles (trucks, railroad cars, ships, airplanes), adapted for mechanized loading, unloading, and reloading from one type of transportation to another. The dimensions and capacity of the container correspond to the carrying capacity and dimensions of the transport vehicles.

The first containers in the world were used in Russia in 1889. Containers are widely used in the USSR and abroad, because they permit the creation of a system of handling cargoes by various types of transport.

Containers are classified according to their use into universal, specialized, and special types. Universal containers can be used for carrying any cargoes in various packaging; specialized containers are for piece cargoes, bulk cargoes, and liquids (for example, building materials, chemical substances, and foodstuffs); special containers are used only for certain cargoes transported under special conditions (for example, in space or under water). Containers come with a capacity (payload) of 1.25, 2.5, 5,10,20, and 30 tons. The 5-ton containers are very widely utilized, as they correspond most closely to the carrying capacity of the basic cargo-lifting machines and transportation vehicles and are economical and convenient to use. The creation of containers with special clamps, or spreaders, is being considered. The basic requirements of all containers are that they protect the cargoes and fully use the carrying capacity of the transport vehicles.


Kontreilery i krupnotonnazhnye konteinery. Moscow, 1962.
Deribas, A. T., and L. A. Kogan. “Konteinernye perevozki.” In Vzaimodeistvie raznykh vidov transporta i konteinernye perevozki. Moscow, 1971.


(industrial engineering)
A portable compartment of standard, uniform size, used to hold cargo for air, sea, or ground transport.


(1) Any data structure that holds one or more different types of data. See metafile and OLE.

(2) A server virtualization architecture that enables multiple applications and services to run in their own isolated partitions. See OS virtualization.

(3) A multimedia file format that contains digital audio and video data streams that have been compressed with different algorithms (codecs). The container may also hold images, subtitles and other meta-data. See codec, metadata, Matroska, MPEG, AVI and QuickTime.

(4) Software that acts as a parent program to hold and execute a set of commands or to run other software routines.
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According to Ron Reijntjens, project manager HDPE Industrial Containers: "SABIC is proud to anticipate to the latest developments within the industrial container applications.
InCycle sheets are lightweight and can be controllably engineered to meet the various performance requirements for different types of print, packaging and container applications.
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SpecMetrix[R] systems can accurately and reliably measure thin films and coatings over base materials of any color for food, aerosol, beverage, tinplate and specialty container applications, in addition to coatings on medical devices and aerospace products.
The polymer utilized as a feedstock for Futrfill, is the same base polymer used in many food and milk container applications - Futrfill is a revolutionary infill product developed with physical safety, environmental safety, and longevity in mind.
5 million excluding the revenues related to the container portfolio sold on March 31, 2006 and to the company's investment in Container Applications International, a previously consolidated subsidiary.
Net income for 2006 included after-tax gains related to the sale of a substantial portion of the company's container operating lease fleet during March 2006 and the sale of the company's interest in Container Applications International, Inc.
The ZORK acquisition falls in line with Scholle's current performance polymer technologies and now allows further expansion of their precision closure offering for both rigid and flexible container applications in the wine and spirits market.
8 million related to Interpool's decision during September, 2006, to sell its 50% ownership position in Container Applications International (CAI), and $0.
In returnable container applications visibility is the key, as it paves the way for substantial process improvement, more accurate billing, and a myriad of other benefits.
NYSE: IPX) announced that it has sold its 50% common equity interest in Container Applications International, Inc.