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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a sensory stage of knowledge.

In the idealist tradition of philosophy, there are two basic conceptions of contemplation, both directly related to the notion of intuition. One interpretation originated with Plato, who regarded contemplation as the extrasensory knowledge of ideas and the basis of “true” knowledge. The other interpretation was developed by Kant, who juxtaposed contemplation to both thought and sensations and treated it as the concept of a single object, the concept which is to undergo categorization in cognition. E. Husserl’s phenomenology considers both types of contemplation: empirical contemplation, or consciousness of a particular object, and eidetic contemplation, the object of which is essence (eidos).

Pre-Marxist materialism interpreted cognition as contemplation, a passive process of perceiving the external world, which acts on the sense organs. K. Marx wrote: “The chief defect of all previous materialism—that of Feuerbach included—is that things, reality, sensuousness are conceived only in the form of the object, or of contemplation, but not as human sensuous activity or practice, not subjectively” (in K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 3, p. 1).

Marxism has shown that cognition is not passive contemplation but an activity inextricably linked with transforming the world.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


Compleat Angler, The
Izaak Walton’s classic treatise on the Contemplative Man’s Recreation. [Br. Lit.: The Compleat Angler]
Thinker, The
sculpture by Rodin, depicting contemplative man. [Fr. Art: Osborne, 988]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Each change we contemplate brings organizational and personal changes, changes in vocabulary, skill set, and point of view, changes in colleague relationships and in organizational structure.
It declared further, "That the terms of the Balfour Declaration did not contemplate that Palestine, as a whole, should be converted into a Jewish national home, but that such a home should be founded in Palestine;" 2) that legal recognition of this home should "be formally recognized in the Mandate"; and 3) that immigration should be gauged according "to the economic capacity of the country."
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The style and tone of the piece paralleled the examination of conscience format traditionally used prior to Confession, but now the teachers were being asked to contemplate, not their sins against God, but their `sins' of resistance toward the new report card system.
Specifically, an "employer" is defined under the regulation to include building owners and lessees "who control ventilation or maintenance of premises where employees of other employers work." In instances where there are multiple employers/lessees within a single building, the regulations contemplate a sharing of responsibility.
Just contemplate this truth and your irritation will vanish.
And after all that, perhaps I may contemplate a little culinary restraint - but then again.
Everton director Paul Gregg admits it is 'incredibly sad' that the club are forced to contemplate the sale of Wayne Rooney.