continentality


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continentality

[‚känt·ən·en′tal·əd·ē]
(climatology)
The degree to which a point on the earth's surface is in all respects subject to the influence of a land mass.
References in periodicals archive ?
platyphyllos as winter hardy only in Kurzeme (Maurins and Zvirgzds, 2006); however, we established that its distribution is affected by several environmental factors: average January temperature, sum of negative temperatures, duration of the period of vegetation, and Rasins' and Conrad's continentality indices.
In addition, Conrad's and Rasins' continentality indices were analysed.
Kupffer (1925) and Rasins (1962) developed phytogeographical borders that have a close relationship with sectors of continentality.
Further from the sea, the features of continentality become more expressed.
In the terms of Grichuk (1984), devised for the Russian flora, the basic types of flora in Australia can be regarded as relict - characterized by an abundance of old, relatively unchanging elements - and orthoselected - they have been changing in the same direction for a long time (primarily in the direction of increased aridity or continentality, and in the Australian situation, presumably due to fire).
According to Vianello and Alves (2006), the phenomena related to atmospheric dynamics and geographical factors, such as topography, continentality and maritime, are the main determinants of the climatic characteristics of southern Brazil.
Increased continentality may thus have contributed to decreased rainfall, particularly in present-day coastal areas.