contingency theory


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contingency theory

an empirical approach within ORGANIZATION THEORY which correlates features of organizational structure with contingent aspects of the environment, technology, etc., and their effect upon organizational behaviour and performance. Contingency theory thus rejects the ‘classical’ idea of best organizing principles, and explains variation in organizational form as determined by environmental and technical conditions.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
It has become very much focused on contingency theory arguments, and by that I mean that the very origin of organizational theory was trying to understand how organizations change as a result of pressures that take place in their external environment, and that external environment has largely been driven by resources, and the contingency theory arguments say that when the external environment changes, then so too does the organization.
The whole experience made me think about a doctoral seminar I had just completed in which we had discussed contingency theory - the idea that the optimal way to lead is dependent on the situation.
Abstract: Grounded in contingency theory in public relations and referencing the contingent variable of power of external publics, this study explores how one of China's Confucius Institutes communicates with publics abroad.
LSCM is truly a multidisciplinary research area, and this multidisciplinarity begins with the five most prominent theories playing a role in LSCM theoretical development since 1991: the resource-based view, transaction cost economics, game theojy, contingency theory, and institutional theory.
According to the contingency theory the organization is seen as an open system, varying according to the environment, the technology and strategy; pointed by relativity, to the extent that nothing can be regarded as absolute within companies (Pereira, Rao & Gessi, 2012).
Other chapters present Skills Approach, Style Approach, Situational Approach, Contingency Theory, Path-Goal Theory, Leader-Member Exchange Theory, Transformational Leadership, Team Leadership, Psychodynamic Approach, Women and Leadership, Culture and Leadership, Leadership Ethics summarize the topics covered in the work.
Based on contingency theory of conflict management (Cameron, Cropp, & Reber, 2001; Cancel, Cameron, Sallot, & Mitrook, 1997; Cancel, Mitrook, & Cameron, 1999; Pang, Jin, & Cameron, 2010) and Coombs' (2014) reputation repair strategies, I selected the RCSC's credibility crisis as a theoretical sampling case, aiming to advance relevant theoretical implications from the following four aspects.
First let's unpack structural contingency theory to explain how incremental success slows transformative change (figure 1).

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