contour

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contour

or

contour line,

line on a topographic map connecting points of equal elevation above or below mean sea level. It is thus a kind of isopleth, or line of equal quantity. Contour lines are drawn on maps with a uniform interval of vertical distance separating them (usually 10, 20, 50, or 100 ft on American maps) and thus outline the landform configuration, or relief. They may be visualized as representing shorelines if sea level were raised in small increments. Thus the tops of hills, which would appear as separate islands, are shown as a series of closed circular contours; valleys, which would appear as elongate bays, are shown as contour lines converging toward a point at the head of the valley. Since on steep slopes there is little horizontal distance between points greatly different in height, contour lines indicating such terrain are close together; contour lines of gentle slopes are more widely separated. Maps employing contour lines are called contour, or relief, maps although they are popularly called topographic maps (see topographytopography
, description or representation of the features and configuration of land surfaces. Topographic maps use symbols and coloring, with particular attention given to the shape and elevations of terrain.
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) in the United States. Certain conventions are employed on these maps to assist the user. Contours indicating land elevations are printed in brown with every fifth contour drawn thicker and labeled with its elevation; those indicating depths of bodies of water are printed in blue. Hachure lines, pointing downslope, are attached to contour lines in order to emphasize a depression with a steep gradient. In the past, contour maps were made from ground surveys. Today they are constructed from stereographic aerial photographs and orbiting satellites, which use radar to measure elevations for land or ocean relief maps. In an analogous way, contour lines are also commonly used to map properties other than elevation; meteorologists, for example, employ contour lines, or isobars, to delineate areas of equal barometric pressures.

CONTOUR

(kon -toor) A NASA mission to be launched in July 2002 to study at least three comets: Encke (2003), Schwassmann–Wachmann-3 (2006), and d'Arrest (2008). The mission is designed so that it could be retargeted to intercept other unforseen comets.

contour

[′kän‚tu̇r]
(mapping)
(physics)
A curve drawn up on a two-dimensional diagram through points which satisfy f (x,y) = c, where c is a constant and f is some function, such as the field strength for a transmitter.
(science and technology)
The periphery of a figure or body.

contour

contour
i. Lines on a map joining places of equal height above a selected datum level. They are drawn at a suitable interval, and the greater the bunching, the steeper the slope. The highest point is shown as a spot height.
ii. A line on a radarscope that shows the areas of equal radar echo intensity.
References in periodicals archive ?
The contour line dilation algorithm can prevent any crossing, especially when the isoline contours are adjacent.
But in the contour method, she follows the outlines of her figures with concentric lines of beads, one after another, moving outward until the whole space is filled.
We spend several weeks on the art of the contour line.
Daniel Sandler, international make-up artist says: "Cream textures work well if you | Cargo Contour PS22, apply make-up using your fingers.
The horizontal dimensions of the vertebral bodies on the upper and lower contours of the line and the lateral projection (P<0.
Analogically electric energy inherent to the magnetic contours is possible to be found integrating numerically only in the volume occupied by the magnetic contours themselves.
However, road tests on a full-scale truck, whose contours were more complex than those of the wind tunnel model, proved disappointing.
This equipment uses "quasi-simultaneous" technology (rapidly scanning mirrors sweep the laser beam over the weld line many times per second) and is capable of both line and contour welding.
disruptive contours optimized B-axis; suitable for processing two-piece tire molds;
The availability of Smith chart plotted contours of constant output power vs.
The convoluted design supports the natural contours of the body and reduces pressure on such sensitive areas as the joints to relieve minor aches and pains.
It is easy for a novice programmer to forget that lexical contours are created only when a function is applied, not when it is defined.