contrast

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contrast

1. (in painting) the effect of the juxtaposition of different colours, tones, etc.
2. 
a. (of a photographic emulsion) the degree of density measured against exposure used
b. the extent to which adjacent areas of an optical image, esp on a television screen or in a photographic negative or print, differ in brightness
3. Psychol the phenomenon that when two different but related stimuli are presented close together in space and/or time they are perceived as being more different than they really are
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

Contrast

A juxtaposition of dissimilar elements to show the differences of form or color, or to set in opposition in order to emphasize the differences.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Contrast

 

in psychology, the subjective exaggeration of the differences between perceived objects or between certain sectors of the visual field during their spatial (simultaneous contrast) or temporal (successive contrast) contiguity. Thus, when the color black is placed next to white it seems even blacker. Contrast may also be manifested in color change. For example, a gray square on a red background seems greenish blue; on a blue background it looks orange. The sharpest contrast of two colors is expressed at the boundary of the two areas (boundary contrast). The phenomenon of assimilation is the opposite of contrast. Contrast is widely used in various forms of art and literature.

REFERENCES

Vudvorts, R. Eksperimental’naia psikhologiia. Moscow, 1950.
Teplov, B. M. “Vzaimodeistvie odnovremennykh svetovykh oschchushchenii.” In Zritel’nye oshchushcheniia i vospriiatiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1935.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

contrast

[′kän‚trast]
(communications)
The degree of difference in tone between the lightest and darkest areas in a television or facsimile picture.
(computer science)
In optical character recognition, the difference in color, reflectance, or shading between two areas of a surface, for example,a character and its background.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

contrast

The white level of a display screen. The contrast adjusts how bright the white is. See brightness and contrast ratio.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Sorbonne, for example, is described as "influenced by the French revolutionary actors, musicians and artists who lived on the Left Bank in Paris during the forties; quite a masculine story with a lot of greys and blacks with the addition of milk white." Contrastingly, Montego Bay envisions an island-life existence, furthered by blue and white colours, the natural forms, wood and shells being a key part of the collection.
Contrastingly there will be wall-to-wall glamour at Deauville.
Other countries with contrastingly low figures include Ireland (50), the UK (54), and France (84).
Appelbaum traces the transition from the myth of Cockaigne, a place of copious foods where peasant needs were satisfied and social injustices righted, to imagined utopias in which, although also lands without hunger, food was contrastingly deemphasized, although not depoliticized: utopian dining is symbolically central to expressions of communist politics and reflects an increasing secularization and policing of food practices in literature during the period.
For second-in-command, Jessup chooses the contrastingly easygoing Lt.
Contrastingly, eAccess has a very healthy balance sheet, with expected profits for this year up again on sales over around 600 oku yen.
The potential gains for the United States from this summit, as outlined in a contrastingly sane briefing by Assistant Secretary of State Kristen Silverberg on Wednesday, include the launch of a democracy-promotion fund that President Bush called for last year and that U.N.
They also appear, to me in any case, to represent the contrastingly less developed (but by no means less important) state of textual criticism of Tibetan tantric literature in comparison to Kanjur studies.
Contrastingly, 39% anticipate telecommuting from home and 42% expect to work while travelling on business.
Contrastingly, they will spend much of the remaining year supporting television entertainer, Gary Wilmot.
Contrastingly, David Beckham -whose greatest strength used to be raking down the right flank and delivering the best crosses any player in the world could produce, looked wistfully inside more often than he should have done.
A fundamental point of reference for Stierle is the Dante-Petrarch relationship, which the author defines succinctly and contrastingly in the first chapter as "The World of Dante and the World of Petrarch" (23-50).