contrast

(redirected from contrastively)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal.

contrast

1. (in painting) the effect of the juxtaposition of different colours, tones, etc.
2. 
a. (of a photographic emulsion) the degree of density measured against exposure used
b. the extent to which adjacent areas of an optical image, esp on a television screen or in a photographic negative or print, differ in brightness
3. Psychol the phenomenon that when two different but related stimuli are presented close together in space and/or time they are perceived as being more different than they really are

Contrast

A juxtaposition of dissimilar elements to show the differences of form or color, or to set in opposition in order to emphasize the differences.

Contrast

 

in psychology, the subjective exaggeration of the differences between perceived objects or between certain sectors of the visual field during their spatial (simultaneous contrast) or temporal (successive contrast) contiguity. Thus, when the color black is placed next to white it seems even blacker. Contrast may also be manifested in color change. For example, a gray square on a red background seems greenish blue; on a blue background it looks orange. The sharpest contrast of two colors is expressed at the boundary of the two areas (boundary contrast). The phenomenon of assimilation is the opposite of contrast. Contrast is widely used in various forms of art and literature.

REFERENCES

Vudvorts, R. Eksperimental’naia psikhologiia. Moscow, 1950.
Teplov, B. M. “Vzaimodeistvie odnovremennykh svetovykh oschchushchenii.” In Zritel’nye oshchushcheniia i vospriiatiia. Moscow-Leningrad, 1935.

contrast

[′kän‚trast]
(communications)
The degree of difference in tone between the lightest and darkest areas in a television or facsimile picture.
(computer science)
In optical character recognition, the difference in color, reflectance, or shading between two areas of a surface, for example,a character and its background.

contrast

The white level of a display screen. The contrast adjusts how bright the white is. See brightness and contrast ratio.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contrastively, Jenny and John set their privilege in motion when Patricia Maria failed to complete class projects to their satisfaction.
Each of these five contrastively derived aspects of context (co-text, chron-text, rel-text, bi-text, and non-text,) has been discussed separately, often without a label or using different terms, somewhere in the literature of translation studies, translation technology, linguistics, pragmatics, or philosophy.
The contrastive stress on the word wallet would only be possible if the auxiliary wasn't was also contrastively stressed, like in (4):
3) The present essay uses the terms "text" and "context" contrastively with caprice.
Aside from the protagonist and her daughter, the other three women in Agosto Nero are silent, minimal figures who serve the purpose of contrastively underlining the narrator's ambivalence to her role as a mother.
Sometimes, as with Jakobson and Halle, an attempt is made to dichotomize the figurative universe by applying the terms contrastively, and when this is done, "metonymy" is usually reserved to figuration based on relations of contiguity, "metaphor" to figuration based on relations of similitude.
12) And Ranjit Singh (1986: 172), on what appears to be the same wavelength as Brown, uses the term "Brunei Malay" (privileged, majority ethnic group) contrastively with "Chinese" (underprivileged minority), as if referring to all indigenous, with the apparent implication that there is no heterogeneity in the native population.
For all that it concentrates on the third paragraph, Leech's discussion does not comment on this--namely that Pip's marked equatives occur as a series of that-clause complements of an emphatic main-clause factive predicate, arising emphatically and contrastively in the context of neg-factives in the preceding paragraph.
This study aims at contrastively investigating the transitive-based resultative constructions in Thai and English in which the causative predicate is manifested by two types of transitive verb which are postulated in this article, namely, "implied-result verbs" and "entailed-result verbs.
In some cases, the synchronic source of the contour segments seems undisputed, either because the language is lacking the contrast that is to be enhanced or because it uses the secondary (enhancement) feature contrastively The phonological interpretation of contour sounds becomes more difficult in the numerous languages that have both a nasal/oral contrast on vowels and lack a phonemic opposition between voiceless /P/, voiced /B/ and nasal /NZ In these languages the view of enhancement as a feature of phonetic implementation is dubious.
As Prospero looks on from a cliff in an arrangement that connects him contrastively with the benign rocky faces decorating the isle (see Figure 7), the malignant harpies carry out their destructive acts.
Sheik Ibraheim Omair is represented in clearly repulsive stereotypical terms (he is a man with a "horrible leer" and "the pungent stench of the native" [186]) which act contrastively to further confirm the positive image of Hassan.