conurbation

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conurbation

a large densely populated urban sprawl formed by the growth and coalescence of individual towns or cities
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

conurbation

a continuous urban area resulting from the fusion of previously independent towns. The term was introduced by Patrick Geddes in Cities in Evolution (1915). Related terms are urban agglomeration and METROPOLITAN AREA.
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Conurbation

 

(called agglomeration of settled points in Russian), a cluster of populated areas, mostly urban, but also rural, which are growing closer and blending in places and are united by intensive economic, labor, and cultural ties.

Communality of the populace’s everyday life is typical of the conurbation; it is manifested in part in “pendulum-like” transportation to work within its limits. Conurbation is the most developed and complex form of the group distribution of populated areas; conurbations are primarily located around the larger cities, which then become the nuclei of the conurbations, but multicentered conurbations also arise in heavily populated industrial areas—for instance, in coal basins.

Conurbations in developed countries are concentrations of a considerable portion of the population. Forty-two percent of the urban population of the USA was living in 16 conurbations as of 1962; in the USSR up to 40 percent of the urban population was living in 40 conurbations in 1959. The Moscow conurbation includes over 130 populated areas with 8 million inhabitants. The growth of conurbations reflects the territorial concentration of industry and labor resources. In the capitalist countries spontaneous growth of conurbations, sometimes to enormous dimensions, is typical. In the USSR and other socialist countries the formation of conurbations is subjected to regulation by regional planning.

REFERENCES

Dubrovin, P. I. “Aglomeratsiia gorodov (Genezis, ekonomika, morfologiia).” In Voprosy geografii, collection 45. Moscow, 1959.
Davidovich, V. G., and G. M. Lappo. “Voprosy razvitiia gorod-skikh aglomeratsii v SSSR.” In the collection Sovremennye prob-lemy geografii. Moscow, 1964.
Davidovich, V. G. “O vzaimosviazannom rasselenii v gorodskikh aglomeratsiakh.” In the collection Gradostroitel’ stvo i raionnaia planirovka. Kiev, 1967.
Bogorad, D. I. “Zadachi izucheniia i regulirovaniia rosta gorodskikh aglomeratsii.” In Nauchnye problemy geografii naseleniia. Moscow, 1967.

S. A. KOVALEV


Conurbation

 

a group of contiguous and closely inter-related independent cities that form a unity because of the intensive economic, cultural, and domestic relations between them and the large-scale service facilities they share (transport, water supply). Conurbations are considered one of the elements or types of population agglomeration.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The West Midlands conurbation failed to include West Bromwich, Dudley or Wolverhampton within its boundaries, and the M6 through Lancashire was positioned in the wrong place.
"It is ridiculously quiet for something travelling at such immense speeds and its ability to shrink long journey times is breath-taking." The Association of North-East Councils last month announced the creation of a working group to investigate the possibility of a Tyne-Tees Maglev, as the first part of a North-South line snaking across the country, taking in each major conurbation.
Having studied the Strategic Rail Authority's plan for the next ten years I felt it appropriate to respond to what appears once again to be a lack of commitment to and understanding of the transport needs of the largest conurbation outside London.
These conurbations frequently include areas designated as conservation areas, which can throw up additional challenges when considering development.
These urban conurbations can frequently include areas designated as conservation areas which can throw up additional challenges when considering development opportunities.
Add to this the fact that the largest and most densely populated conurbation outside London has the slowest inter-city services, the worst railway stations and the country's most serious bottleneck and one must wonder what further justification the SRA requires.
The 20-year plan, which is the framework for planning, transport and spending programmes in the West Midlands, focuses on kick-starting an urban renaissance in cities and towns to halt the exodus of 8,000 people a year who leave the conurbation to live in the shires.
During the two-day 2018 East Africa Property Investment Summit which began yesterday, EAPI managing director Kfir Rusin said East Africa was now running a full cycle from initial generation of new conurbations, to the regeneration of older centres.
Furthermore, consultants GVA reveal that Cardiff is one of the worst carbon polluting conurbations in the UK and that its reduction in greenhouse gases has only been half of that achieved by, for instance, Bristol and Manchester.
Putting Manchester airport 59 minutes from London begs a similar question - how on earth is that going to help the future prosperity of Sunderland, Newcastle and the conurbations of both?