Soil lines, which contrast from the background, can then be automatically extracted from the scanned images and converted with a raster-to-vector conversion routine (Beck 1995).
Following rectification, the soil lines were extracted from each raster image with a raster-to-vector conversion routine, which researchers have demonstrated can effectively automate line extraction from digital images (Johnson 1989; Lee and Su 1996; Congalton 1997).
To achieve Level 2 compliance, the software also "must provide a comprehensive base currency conversion routine
that produces accurate conversion of all moneys amounts held in the financial ledgers, allows for rounding adjustments to be posted to a separate account, and shows a full audit trail of the conversion.
A user with an esoteric data structure would normally have to write his or her own conversion routine to the COO data structure and then convert from this standard form using a vendor-supported routine.
And let us assume that the data conversion routine had converted the sparse matrix A to a matrix H with the same column ordering, but a different row ordering.
If complex conversion/transformation is needed, then special conversion routines
need to be developed.
In addition, Engle-Granger and Johansen cointegration tests and vector error correction (VEC) model conversion routines
have been added to the Econometrics Toolbox, giving economists, traders and risk analysts further time-series modelling and testing capabilities.
The ideal integration platform will enable a service provider (or their customer) to only make slight modifications to data conversion routines
through an easy to understand graphical user interface (GUI).
Table V lists, for both packages, all the conversion routines
which are available and relevant with respect to the IEEE specifications.
Its mandates are to make it easy and straightforward to export and import data on the Internet--easy to create conversion routines
from an existing database, easy to append and identify each required element and easy to transmit and share them across the Web with trading partners.
Equally important for interacting with the laboratory is development of file format and conversion routines
so that data from one analytical instrument can be merged and used on other instrument/computer systems.
The input conversion routines
do free-format conversion from character format to ZM format.