conversion

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conversion,

in psychology: see defense mechanismdefense mechanism,
in psychoanalysis, any of a variety of unconscious personality reactions which the ego uses to protect the conscious mind from threatening feelings and perceptions.
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; hysteriahysteria
, in psychology, a disorder commonly known today as conversion disorder, in which a psychological conflict is converted into a bodily disturbance. It is distinguished from hypochondria by the fact that its sufferers do not generally confuse their condition with real,
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.

Conversion

In adaptive reuse, change of use of a property, such as from a railroad station to a commercial facility.

Conversion

 

in linguistics, the formation of a new word from the transition of a given stem into another inflectional paradigm. For example, Russian pech’, “oven,” and pech’ “to bake,” and English love and (to) love are different parts of speech; in spite of external similarity, the base word and its derivative are different words, and the semantic relations between them may be diverse. The productivity of conversion is limited by the lexical significance of the stem and the structural peculiarities of the word.

REFERENCE

Smirnitskii, A. I. Leksikologiia angliiskogo iazyka. Moscow, 1956. Pages 71–101.

Conversion

 

in logic, the transformation of a sentence by changing the positions of its terms, the subject and predicate.

A conversion is said to be simple if quantifiers do not change when the sentence is converted. All negative propositions of the type “No S is P” and all particular affirmatives of the type “Some S are P” are converted simply. Universal affirmatives of the type “All S are P” are converted by limitation—that is, their conversions yield, generally speaking, a true sentence if the quantifier “all” is replaced by the quantifier “some.” Particular affirmatives of the type “Some S are not P” are not convertible: “Some smokers are not people” does not follow from “Some people do not smoke.”

In traditional logic, conversions were regarded as immediate inferences, which were placed in a special group. The rules governing them were formulated parallel’to the rules of syllogism. In modern predicate logic, conversion does not have independent meaning, and the rules of conversion per se are not included in the rules of logical deduction. This does not, however, diminish the heuristic value of conversion in logical thinking.

In the logic of relations, where every relation between the terms x and y has a corresponding concept about the relation between the terms y and x (the converse concept of the original relation), conversion involves replacing a given relation with its converse relation, while simultaneously transposing the terms of the relation.

M. M. NOVOSELOV


Conversion

 

in metallurgy, the treatment of metals that results in changes of chemical composition, physical and mechanical properties, and aggregation state; either all or some of these parameters may undergo a change. The first conversion is the production of pig iron from iron ore in blast furnaces; the second is the production of steel from pig iron; and the third is the working of metals by pressure to produce metallic articles of the desired shapes and sizes. Rolling, pressing, forging, and stamping are the basic types of pressure working. The fourth conversion is the aftertreatment of rolled metals; the term can refer to cold-rolling of strip and sheet metals, to profiling of strips, to sizing, and to drawing, as well as to the application of protective coatings and the production of metal ware.

conversion

[kən′vər·zhən]
(computer science)
(chemistry)
Change of a compound from one isomeric form to another.
(chemical engineering)
The chemical change from reactants to products in an industrial chemical process. Also known as chemical conversion.
(navigation)
Determination of the rhumb-line direction of one point from another when the initial great-circle direction is known, or vice versa, the difference between the two directions being the conversion angle; used in connection with radio bearings, Consol, Consolan, and in great-circle sailing.
(nuclear physics)
Nuclear transformation of a fertile substance into a fissile substance.
(petroleum engineering)
Treatment of a drilling mud to alter its chemical properties. Also known as breakover.
(physics)
Change in a quantity's numerical value as a result of using a different unit of measurement.
(psychology)
A defense mechanism whereby unconscious emotional conflict is transformed into physical disability, the affected part always having symbolic meaning pertinent to the nature of the conflict.

breaking down, conversion

The process of sawing logs into boards.

conversion

1. See breaking down.
2. A change in the use of a building to another use which has different requirements according to code (e.g., different exit, fire-resistance, light and ventilation, loading, structural, or zoning requirements).

conversion

1. a change to another attitude or belief, as in a change of religion
2. Maths a change in the units or form of a number or expression
3. Logic a form of inference by which one proposition is obtained as the converse of another proposition
4. Law
a. unauthorized dealing with or the assumption of rights of ownership to another's personal property
b. the changing of real property into personalty or personalty into realty
5. Rugby a score made after a try by kicking the ball over the crossbar from a place kick
6. Physics a change of fertile material to fissile material in a reactor
7. 
a. an alteration to a car engine to improve its performance
b. (as modifier): a conversion kit
8. NZ the unauthorized appropriation of a motor vehicle

conversion

(1) "Data conversion" changes data from one file or database format to another (see export and import). When dealing with mainframes, data conversion may also require code conversion (see ASCII and EBCDIC).

(2) "Graphics conversion" changes the data from one graphics file format to another. It may also require a change in architecture from vector to bitmap and vice versa. See graphics conversion.

(3) "Media conversion" changes the storage media such as from a hard disk to an optical disc. It may also refer to the conversion from analog to digital media (see digital converter).

(4) "Program conversion" changes the source code from one programming language to another or from one operating system platform to another.

(5) "Computer system conversion" changes the computer model and peripheral devices.

(6) "Information system conversion" requires data conversion and either program conversion or the installation of newly purchased or created application programs.

(7) See conversion filter and image filter.

(8) See also conversion rate.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Chief Rabbinate, which controls Jewish marriage, divorce, conversion and burial in the Jewish state, is largely run by haredi Orthodox leaders who have stringent rules for those wishing to become Jewish.
CommLab India's experience in handling Flash to HTML5 conversion projects and its authoring tool expertise coupled with its competence in project management has made it a reliable eLearning partner for conversion projects.
'I am however, ready to make amendments to the bill if necessary and pointed out,' he assured, adding that the issue of forced conversion is important and should be addressed.
They earned their stripes as Precision Conversions, performing 757 freighter and combi conversion for industry-leading companies, including SF Airlines, DHL, Air China Cargo, and ATI.
Last year, a move to criminalise forced religious conversions and to prevent misuse of the blasphemy law was endorsed by the members of the Senate Functional Committee on Human Rights.
The second chapter studies conversions to Evangelical Protestantism in Algeria, while chapter three studies the case of the many African Christian migrants living in Cairo and chapter four focuses on the situation of Ethiopian Jews and Pentecostal Israelis in Israel.
Emily Walker Heady of Liberty University intersects literary criticism and conversion studies in her exploration of Victorian conversion narratives and their literary form.
Corpis focuses on the language of conversion--"intrareligious" versus "interreligious." He notes that early in the Reformation Era, reformers did not view conversion from Catholicism to Lutheranism as "interreligious." Those turning from Catholicism were not turning away from the Church of Rome but were working to return the Church to its apostolic origins.
Also, wherever you live, if your loft conversion involves any extension of the roof space, you may find that planning is needed.
Given the volume of claims data, age of the systems and complexity of the environments involved, it is no surprise that many of the common challenges in large-scale data conversions are related to identifying the correct scope of conversion.