conversion

(redirected from conversions)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial.

conversion,

in psychology: see defense mechanismdefense mechanism,
in psychoanalysis, any of a variety of unconscious personality reactions which the ego uses to protect the conscious mind from threatening feelings and perceptions.
..... Click the link for more information.
; hysteriahysteria
, in psychology, a disorder commonly known today as conversion disorder, in which a psychological conflict is converted into a bodily disturbance. It is distinguished from hypochondria by the fact that its sufferers do not generally confuse their condition with real,
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Conversion

In adaptive reuse, change of use of a property, such as from a railroad station to a commercial facility.

Conversion

 

in linguistics, the formation of a new word from the transition of a given stem into another inflectional paradigm. For example, Russian pech’, “oven,” and pech’ “to bake,” and English love and (to) love are different parts of speech; in spite of external similarity, the base word and its derivative are different words, and the semantic relations between them may be diverse. The productivity of conversion is limited by the lexical significance of the stem and the structural peculiarities of the word.

REFERENCE

Smirnitskii, A. I. Leksikologiia angliiskogo iazyka. Moscow, 1956. Pages 71–101.

Conversion

 

in logic, the transformation of a sentence by changing the positions of its terms, the subject and predicate.

A conversion is said to be simple if quantifiers do not change when the sentence is converted. All negative propositions of the type “No S is P” and all particular affirmatives of the type “Some S are P” are converted simply. Universal affirmatives of the type “All S are P” are converted by limitation—that is, their conversions yield, generally speaking, a true sentence if the quantifier “all” is replaced by the quantifier “some.” Particular affirmatives of the type “Some S are not P” are not convertible: “Some smokers are not people” does not follow from “Some people do not smoke.”

In traditional logic, conversions were regarded as immediate inferences, which were placed in a special group. The rules governing them were formulated parallel’to the rules of syllogism. In modern predicate logic, conversion does not have independent meaning, and the rules of conversion per se are not included in the rules of logical deduction. This does not, however, diminish the heuristic value of conversion in logical thinking.

In the logic of relations, where every relation between the terms x and y has a corresponding concept about the relation between the terms y and x (the converse concept of the original relation), conversion involves replacing a given relation with its converse relation, while simultaneously transposing the terms of the relation.

M. M. NOVOSELOV


Conversion

 

in metallurgy, the treatment of metals that results in changes of chemical composition, physical and mechanical properties, and aggregation state; either all or some of these parameters may undergo a change. The first conversion is the production of pig iron from iron ore in blast furnaces; the second is the production of steel from pig iron; and the third is the working of metals by pressure to produce metallic articles of the desired shapes and sizes. Rolling, pressing, forging, and stamping are the basic types of pressure working. The fourth conversion is the aftertreatment of rolled metals; the term can refer to cold-rolling of strip and sheet metals, to profiling of strips, to sizing, and to drawing, as well as to the application of protective coatings and the production of metal ware.

conversion

[kən′vər·zhən]
(computer science)
(chemistry)
Change of a compound from one isomeric form to another.
(chemical engineering)
The chemical change from reactants to products in an industrial chemical process. Also known as chemical conversion.
(navigation)
Determination of the rhumb-line direction of one point from another when the initial great-circle direction is known, or vice versa, the difference between the two directions being the conversion angle; used in connection with radio bearings, Consol, Consolan, and in great-circle sailing.
(nuclear physics)
Nuclear transformation of a fertile substance into a fissile substance.
(petroleum engineering)
Treatment of a drilling mud to alter its chemical properties. Also known as breakover.
(physics)
Change in a quantity's numerical value as a result of using a different unit of measurement.
(psychology)
A defense mechanism whereby unconscious emotional conflict is transformed into physical disability, the affected part always having symbolic meaning pertinent to the nature of the conflict.

breaking down, conversion

The process of sawing logs into boards.

conversion

1. See breaking down.
2. A change in the use of a building to another use which has different requirements according to code (e.g., different exit, fire-resistance, light and ventilation, loading, structural, or zoning requirements).

conversion

1. a change to another attitude or belief, as in a change of religion
2. Maths a change in the units or form of a number or expression
3. Logic a form of inference by which one proposition is obtained as the converse of another proposition
4. Law
a. unauthorized dealing with or the assumption of rights of ownership to another's personal property
b. the changing of real property into personalty or personalty into realty
5. Rugby a score made after a try by kicking the ball over the crossbar from a place kick
6. Physics a change of fertile material to fissile material in a reactor
7. 
a. an alteration to a car engine to improve its performance
b. (as modifier): a conversion kit
8. NZ the unauthorized appropriation of a motor vehicle

conversion

(1) "Data conversion" is changing data from one file or database format to another. It may also require code conversion between ASCII and EBCDIC.

(2) "Graphics conversion" is changing from one vector or bitmapped file format to another. See graphics conversion.

(3) "Media conversion" is changing storage media such as from tape to disk, or hard disk to flash memory. It may also refer to the conversion from analog to digital media. See digital converter.

(4) "Program conversion" is changing the programming source language from one dialect to another or from one platform to another.

(5) "Computer system conversion" is changing the computer model and peripheral devices.

(6) "Information system conversion" requires data conversion and either program conversion or the installation of newly purchased or created application programs.

(7) See conversion filter and image filter.

(8) See also conversion rate.
References in classic literature ?
The Priest,'' said Clement, ``is not have so confident of the Jew's conversion, since he received that buffet on the ear.
The house within the street, two bristling blocks westward, was already in course of reconstruction as a tall mass of flats; he had acceded, some time before, to overtures for this conversion - in which, now that it was going forward, it had been not the least of his astonishments to find himself able, on the spot, and though without a previous ounce of such experience, to participate with a certain intelligence, almost with a certain authority.
In the ninth century it is supposed to have been carried away by the barbarians, and it reappears, after the conversion of the northern Goths, in the possession of the royal family of Gothland.
Conversion may come under many shapes, and it may be brought about in many ways.
It was not until dinner was almost over that she abandoned a conversion into which she had thrown herself with spirit.
She was more confused than astonished or frightened when I sat down by her on the sofa, and repeated the principal topics of my conversion with Mrs.
Jackson, who had lost his arm in the Sierra Mills and who had been the cause of my own conversion into a revolutionist, I never saw again; but we all knew what he did before he died.
But on the view of all the species of a genus having descended from a single parent, though now distributed to the most remote points of the world, we ought to find, and I believe as a general rule we do find, that some at least of the species range very widely; for it is necessary that the unmodified parent should range widely, undergoing modification during its diffusion, and should place itself under diverse conditions favourable for the conversion of its offspring, firstly into new varieties and ultimately into new species.
And must there not be some art which will effect conversion in the easiest and quickest manner; not implanting the faculty of sight, for that exists already, but has been turned in the wrong direction, and is looking away from the truth?
He believed in sudden conversion, a belief which may be right, but which is peculiarly attractive to a half-baked mind.
The idea of this conversion set Rawdon into roars of laughter: you might have heard the explosion through the hotel at midnight, and the haw-haws of the great dragoon's voice.
Radley, of the Adelphi Hotel - are peculiarly calculated to suffer a sea-change; or whether a plain mutton-chop, and a glass or two of sherry, would be less likely of conversion into foreign and disconcerting material.