convulsion


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convulsion,

sudden, violent, involuntary contraction of the muscles of the body, often accompanied by loss of consciousness. It is not known what causes the abnormal impulses from the brain that result in convulsive seizures, since the disturbance may arise in normal brain tissue as well as in diseased or injured tissue. Convulsions may occur in such conditions as epilepsy, poisoning, high fever (especially in young children), disturbances of calcium or phosphorus metabolism, alkalosis, diabetes, oxygen insufficiency, and a low blood-sugar content, as well as in local irritation or injury of the brain. Persons undergoing convulsions should be guarded against self-injury (see epilepsyepilepsy,
a chronic disorder of cerebral function characterized by periodic convulsive seizures. There are many conditions that have epileptic seizures. Sudden discharge of excess electrical activity, which can be either generalized (involving many areas of cells in the brain)
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). Otherwise, treatment must be directed to the underlying cause.

convulsion

[kən′vəl·shən]
(medicine)
An episode of involuntary, generally violent muscular contractions, rhythmically alternated with periods of relaxation; associated with many systematic and neurological diseases.

convulsion

a violent involuntary contraction of a muscle or muscles
References in periodicals archive ?
sup][1] According to previous studies, the mechanism of local anesthetic-induced convulsion may involve the a-aminobutyric acid type A receptor,[sup][3],[4] N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor, and potassium channels.
The relationship between iron deficiency anemia and convulsions in malarial patients had been reported in the previous studies16.
If the doctor hasn't arrived within 15 minutes, or if the convulsion hasn't passed, take the person to the nearest hospital.
The data related to febrile seizures was collected such as age, gender, type of the febrile convulsion (Simple or complex), duration of seizure, rectal temperature, family history of seizures and epilepsy, past history of the febrile seizures, aetiology of fever, signs and symptoms of meningitis, gestational age at birth, clinical and laboratory reports.
But because of the emergency physicians focused on convulsion such kind of fractures and dislocations could be overlooked.
The mosquito-borne disease can cause fever, convulsions and coma and is more likely to kill children than adults.
Further, the effect of MEIF was investigated on the GABA-T activity and oxidative stress in the PTZinduced convulsion model.
Serum zinc level in children with febrile convulsion and its comparison with that of control group.
The first group included 45 patients with complaints of febrile convulsion, the second group included 23 children who had visited for fever but did not have convulsions, and the third group consisted of 20 healthy children.
Febrile convulsion has been recognised for many centuries.
Dextrose and Vitamin B-complex were given to faster rectify the anorexia, muscular weakness, convulsion and milk production.
If convulsions stop, open the airways and check breathing.