Co-Optation

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Co-Optation

 

the bringing of new members into an elected collegial body through that body’s decision, without holding additional elections. As a rule the co-optation is subsequently confirmed at a general meeting of the organization as a whole.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Douglas surmises that the nucleomorph, which exists independently of the nucleus, is a vestige of a red alga coopted by Cryptomonas in the distant past.
Rather than reject the onslaught of commercial media and technology, Pop artists discovered in them "source(s] of iconic energy"-and so their work was "instantly acculturated and coopted by the mass media upon which it preyed." Color Field painting, for its part, reflected the "age of corporate technology (and] achieved in its striped and serialized emblems, its blocks or spreads of radiant hues, an acrylic metaphor of unsettling power." Just as the mass media admired its reflection in Pop's mirror, so corporate America found its taste met by Color Field abstraction, which soon "blazoned the walls of banks, boardrooms, and those corporate fiefs, the museums."
Natural processes that the cells use for other things may be coopted for use in memory.'
Divorced from their natural habitats and living in a world of gingham and polka dots, they seem indifferent to our desire to watch and understand the patterns of their lives--to interpret their noise as "song." Instead, they stand defiant, going about their business, adapting to their altered landscape, coopted by painting's urge to organize the physical and visual world, but as distant from us as martians, as self from other, or predator from prey.
According to its practitioners, the Russian state played the defining role in the development of Russia; it quickly coopted any attempts of the Orthodox Church, local governments, and private individuals to its own purposes.