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Design of series-connected circuit breakers whereby breakers with lower current ratings trip before those with higher ratings.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(1) The relative development of organs and parts of the body in phylogeny. The term was proposed by A. N. Severtsov. The German zoologist L. Plate called the phenomenon phyletic correlation. I. I. ShmaPgauzen regarded coordination as a regular function of changes in parts (organs) in the course of evolution.

One may differentiate topographical coordination, which is expressed in stable relations between organs, although there are no immediate functional connections between them (for example, coordination between reduction of the end digits and progressive development of the middle digits in the phylogenetic series of ungulates); dynamic, or constructive, coordination, which is determined by the constancy of functional relationships between various organs (for example, between sense organs and the corresponding nerve centers, or between flight muscles and the sternal keel in birds, etc.); and biological coordination, or coadaptation, to which belong the majority of correlations established by G. Cuvier.

(2) In physiology, the concordance of the activities of various organs and systems in the body, which is conditioned by a combination of the processes of excitation and inhibition in the central nervous system. For example, when the extremities are flexed, excitation of the nerve cells that send impulses to the flexor muscles produces simultaneous inhibition of the cells connected to the extensor muscles; the relaxation of the extensors that accompanies this facilitates flexion of the extremities.




in linguistics, a syntactic bond between grammatically independent parts of a sentence or between constructions, including sentences. Coordination is opposed to subordination and is expressed by special conjunctions, the number of which is finite. The coordinating bond is classified according to meaning as a copulative bond (the conjunction i [“and”]), an adversative bond (a [“and,” “but”], no [“but”]), a gradational bond (ne tol’ko . . . no i [“not only ... but also”]), or a disjunctive bond (Hi [“or”]).

In a simple sentence, coordination is obligatorily combined with the category of homogeneity: the elements that are joined are in the same relation to some other part of the sentence, as in Prishli otets i mat’ (“Mother and father came”), Uchitel’ strog, no spravedliv (“The teacher is strict but fair”), V zale ne tol’ko vzroslye, no i deli (“There are not only adults in the hall, but also children”), and Vstretimsia segodnia Hi zavtra (“We’ll meet today or tomorrow”). Coordination here occupies a peripheral position and serves to expand the sentence and increase within it the number of syntactic constructions of the same type. In a complex sentence, coordination is not an accompanying category but rather an independent syntactic category that differs from subordination both according to position within the system and according to internal content. Unlike subordinating relations, however, coordinating relations are here less differentiated and more syncretic, more like asyndeton-type relations. It is advisable to differentiate coordination from enumeration, which does not create semantic relations between the members of a series but only indicates sequence (simultaneity, alternation, and so forth).


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


The process of obtaining agreement on clearances, transfer of control, and advice or information to be issued to aircraft by means of exchanges between ATS (air traffic services) units or between controller positions within such units.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
References in periodicals archive ?
Klein has undeniably put his finger on an important difference in the Hayekian versus the modern game theoretic understanding of a "coordination problem" in the social sciences.
The term coordination has had an extensive and varied history in economics, as Klein and Orsborn (2009) document.
Unfortunately, after spending so much time outlining his suggested taxonomy (originally between coordination and metacoordination but now between mutual coordination and concatenate coordination), Klein fails to distinguish the essential differences between the Hayekian and Schelling uses of the term.
"Coordination as a Criterion for Economic 'Goodness.'" Constitutional Political Economy, 9: 289-301; page references are to the reprint in Kirzner (2000).
"Concatenate Coordination and Mutual Coordination." Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 72: 176-187.
(1) Israel Kirzner too objects to Klein's (original 1997) taxonomy, on the grounds that Hayek at times meant both coordination and metacoordination (Kirzner, 1999, p.199 fn 7).
To maintain coordination transparency and avoid interfering with the computation actors' functionalities, coordination actors are not allowed to generate or send messages to computation actors.
Basing the stability and scalability of coordination policies on the actors themselves will be difficult.
In addition to representing abstractions for the properties of the system behaviors, roles also are responsible for actively coordinating their players to achieve coordination requirements.
Any actor that is controllable by coordination rules must declare its own functional behavior, using the same tuple format.
This allows an actor to reject coordination. Such actors will belong to a "default" role that performs no coordination.
Coordination Behavior As roles are abstractions of functional behaviors, it is possible that more than one actor may belong to a specific role at any given time.

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