copula


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linking verb

Linking verbs (also known as copulas or copular verbs) are used to describe the state of being of the subject of a clause. Unlike action verbs (also called dynamic verbs), they connect the subject to the predicate of the clause without expressing any action.
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copula

Logic the often unexpressed link between the subject and predicate terms of a categorial proposition, as are in all men are mortal

Copula

 

an auxiliary grammatical element of a compound predicate having a weakened lexical meaning and serving to express merely grammatical categories of the predicate, the lexical meaning being expressed by a nonconjugated, usually nominal, element. The verb “to be” is used as a copula in many languages. The presence of a copula may be obligatory, as in English and French; optional, as in Russian and Hungarian; determined by the type of nominal predicate, as in Swahili; or determined by the semantic character of the sentence, as in Khmer. Certain verbs besides “to be” can function as copulas; these verbs, which introduce an additional nuance to the meaning of the elements linked by the verb, include the Russian nachinat’ (“to begin”), stanovit’sia (“to become”), and delat’ (“to do,” “to make”).

References in periodicals archive ?
In the above example, the Greek copula sipi connects two noun phrases (a subject and a predicate).
Meanwhile, prompted by our conclusion that there is tail dependence between the two lines, we fit a Gumbel copula to the losses.
The emergence of the forms may have been possible as the consequence of a shift in the use of the forms of the copula. It emerges from the data that the person markers of the PRS tense encoding present time within the NP-person forms are functionally tantamount to the stand-alone present tense forms of the copular verb having reference to future (cf.
Copula. Una copula es una funcion con las siguientes propiedades:
Se encontraron especies bacterianas de la familia Enterobacteriaceae como Escherichia coli (24.9%), Serratia rubidae (5.9%) Providencia alcalifaciens (2.5%), Enterobacter aerogenes (2.1%) y Edwarsiella tarda (1.3%) en la mucosa uterina de alpacas de muestras colectadas antes y despues de la copula. Algunas de estas bacterias tambien han sido reconocidas como parte de la microbiota bacteriana de secreciones uterinas de vacas como E.
This copula is actually of 2nd degree; it corresponds to the case of two independent variables.
Let F, G, and Hbe three continuous CDFs, C(w, v) be a copula function, and
Copula function is appropriate in identifying the tail relationship between different factors.
A copula allows a joint distribution of random variables F([X.sub.1],[X.sub.n]) = C([F.sub.1]([X.sub.1]),...,[F.sub.n] ([X.sub.n])) to be expressed as a function of the marginal distributions F([X.sub.1]),..., F([X.sub.n]), and fully captures the dependence structure among the uncertainties through the choice of the copula function C(.) and the dependence measure.
Alternatively, a copula C between F and G can be used as a function such that C(F(x), G(x)) = H(u,v).
1a): singletons moved at an average speed of 1.08 cm/s (0.99-1.16 HPDI); this decreased to 0.61 cm/s (0.51-0.71 HPDI) for pairs in copula. For singletons, average movement speed did not differ between males and females (data not shown).
Also, Gaussian copula is sometimes preferred in terms of mutual dependence modelling, even if it is not the optimal selection for its flexibility and for the sake of time saving.