copula


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linking verb

Linking verbs (also known as copulas or copular verbs) are used to describe the state of being of the subject of a clause. Unlike action verbs (also called dynamic verbs), they connect the subject to the predicate of the clause without expressing any action.
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copula

Logic the often unexpressed link between the subject and predicate terms of a categorial proposition, as are in all men are mortal

Copula

 

an auxiliary grammatical element of a compound predicate having a weakened lexical meaning and serving to express merely grammatical categories of the predicate, the lexical meaning being expressed by a nonconjugated, usually nominal, element. The verb “to be” is used as a copula in many languages. The presence of a copula may be obligatory, as in English and French; optional, as in Russian and Hungarian; determined by the type of nominal predicate, as in Swahili; or determined by the semantic character of the sentence, as in Khmer. Certain verbs besides “to be” can function as copulas; these verbs, which introduce an additional nuance to the meaning of the elements linked by the verb, include the Russian nachinat’ (“to begin”), stanovit’sia (“to become”), and delat’ (“to do,” “to make”).

References in periodicals archive ?
The current study design did not permit distinction between the hypotheses that weight bearing slows down females and that slower-moving females are more likely to be found in copula because they are less able to escape from males.
Three typical copulas (Normal-copula, t-copula and Gumbel-copula) were chosen to fit the dependence and the goodness-of-fit was measured using two indices ([chi square]-statistics and the Euclidean distance de).
La frecuencia relativa de copulas (FRC) se determino mediante la siguiente relacion: FRC = (C/(N/2))*100, donde C es el numero de copulas contadas y N es el numero de individuos adultos contados en cada transecto de la estacion de muestreo (modificado de Cala, de Jesus-Navarrete, Ocana, & Oliva-Rivera, 2013).
Cabe anotar que la copula no se encuentra definida sobre las tasas de mortalidad directamente, ni sobre las series filtradas a traves del modelo ARIMA o el Modelo de Lee-Carter.
Example I: Bivariate Copula Model With Marginal Generalized Linear Model
Next, the R-Vine copula is estimated using the pseudo-sample associated with the standardized residuals of the models of the first step.
The absence of the copula does not indicate that the speaker has planning difficulties, but can be regarded as a variant of what I mean is.
The main finding is that, compared to the multivariate Gaussian copula, multivariate vine copulas assembled from non-Gaussian distributions more realistically capture comovements in housing prices.
Diferencias tan grandes en la duracion de la vitelogenesis entre los hemipteros (y en general en los insectos) son consecuencia de varios factores tanto internos como externos; Engelman (1970) senala que entre los mas importantes estan la cantidad y calidad de alimento, la copula, la temperatura, la humedad y factores hormonales.
Bohanec (2012) A method for ranking non-linear qualitative decision preferences using copulas International Journal of Decision Support System Technology, pp.
La copula se registro en hembras desde un dia y hasta 12 dias de edad (n=18), aunque fue mas frecuente en hembras jovenes con 1-3 dias de edad (n=9).