Keratoplasty

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Related to corneal transplant: keratoconus, Fuchs dystrophy

keratoplasty

[′ker·əd·ō‚plas·tē]
(medicine)
A plastic operation on the cornea, especially the transplantation of a portion of the cornea.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Keratoplasty

 

an operation involving corneal grafting.

It is performed when there are persistent opacities (leukomas) of the cornea that cause a severe decrease in vision, in order to partially or completely restore vision. Sometimes keratoplasty is resorted to also for cosmetic reasons. In keratoplasty the altered cornea is excised and in its place a disk of similar shape and size is grafted that is taken from the cornea of a person whose eye was removed for other reasons.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, use of gentamicin alone in cornea storage media or as prophylaxis following corneal transplant surgery may not prevent the rare complication of pneumococcal endophthalmitis.
Corneal transplants performed in the US this year will result in approximately $6 billion in total net benefits over the lifetime of the recipients, according to a six-month study conducted by the Eye Bank Association of America (EBAA).
"In the past, patients who needed corneal transplants travelled abroad and patients spent two to three months away from home.
During 2006 in the whole of South Africa only 516 corneal transplants in adults and 33 in children were performed using national eye bank tissue.
The Indianapolis-based Cornea Research Foundation of America maintains one of the world's largest corneal transplant data banks.
Corneal Transplant Centre, the MTRA decided, must have a committee for evaluating transplants which will be notified by the MTRA apart from having a transplant coordinator.
DMEK is more difficult for ophthalmic surgeons to perform than other corneal transplant procedures as there is no corneal stromal tissue transplanted.
The President said necessary legislation would be carried out for corneal transplant and pointed out that research was imperative for quality treatment.
Islamabad -- Al-Shifa Trust Eye Hospital has achieved distinction by conducting 56 corneal transplant operations in one month, said a press release.
During the past several years, selective endothelial keratoplasty has gained in popularity when patients need to have a thin layer of enthothelial cells replaced but do not require a full corneal transplant. The device helps surgeons deploy allografts correctly, requires no additional tissue manipulation, and simplifies and shortens the procedure.
London, August 29 (ANI): A new study has found the gene likely responsible for Fuchs corneal dystrophy, an inheritable genetic disorder and leading cause of corneal transplant operations.