carnelian

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carnelian

carnelian (kärnēlˈyən) or cornelian (kôr–, kər–), variety of red chalcedony, used as a gem. It is distinguished from sard by the shade of red, carnelian being bright red and sard brownish. The red coloring is apparently caused by iron oxide.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Carnelian

 

a variety of the mineral chalcedony with a reddish yellow or red color caused by admixtures of ferric oxide. Varieties of agate consisting of alternating layers of bright red or reddish yellow and milky white coloring are called sardonyx. Carnelian and sardonyx are valuable and widespread decorative stones. They are used for making beads and as stones to be set in rings, brooches, and decorative boxes. Cut insets made of carnelian and sardonyx (cameos and gems) and small cut bottles and snuff boxes made of carnelian are highly valued.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

carnelian

brings luck; drives away evil. [Gem Symbolism: Kunz, 62–63]

carnelian

symbol of St. Sebastian. [Christian Hagiog.: Brewer Handbook, I, 411]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

carnelian

a red or reddish-yellow translucent variety of chalcedony, used as a gemstone
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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Indeed, so central is morality to flight that a careful examination of the words' occurrences throughout Corneille's oeuvre allows the construction of a Cornelian ethics of flight, one whose rules are applied consistently throughout his plays.
The effects of cornelian cherry on atherosclerosis and atherogenic factors in hypercholesterolemic rabbits.
Antioxidant capacity, phenol, anthocyanin and ascorbic acid contents in raspberries, blackberries, red currants, gooseberries and Cornelian cherries.
Evaluation of antioxidant activity of Cornelian Cherry (Cornus Mas L.).
China bought pepper at Malacca which was produced in Sumatra and supplied to Sunda cannel through Red Sea and China also bought Indian opium, sandalwood, incense and cornelian. (Das Gupta and Pearson, 1987).
Carnelian (also spelled cornelian) is a clear-to-translucent reddish-brown variety of chalcedony.
Pantelidis GE, Vasilakakis M, Manganaris A, Diamantidis G (2007) Antioxidant capacity, phenol, anthocyanin and ascorbic acid contents in raspberries, red currants, gooseberries and Cornelian cherries.
Marcus Brooks, director of Edinburgh-based Cornelian Asset Managers, also believes longevity is a factor.