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brass wind musical instrument, created in France about 1830 by adding valves to the post horn. It is usually in B flat and is the same size as the B flat trumpet, but has a more conical bore. The cornet, a transposing instrumenttransposing instrument,
a musical instrument whose part in a score is written at a different pitch than that actually sounded. Such an instrument is usually referred to by the keynote of its natural scale—the clarinet in A, for example—in which case A is sounded when
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, has a less brilliant tone but greater agility than the trumpet. It has long been a standard instrument in bands. In the orchestra, the cornet is used with the trumpet. It was used extensively in jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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 in the early 20th cent. It should not be confused with the cornett, an instrument of the Middle Ages and Renaissance, which used a cup mouthpiece on a wooden or ivory body supplied with fingerholes similar to those on woodwinds. A bass cornett was used until the early 19th cent.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a junior officer rank in the Russian cavalry.

The rank of cornet was introduced in 1801 throughout the whole cavalry, except in the dragoon and cossack regiments, and corresponded to the rank of ensign (until 1884) and of second lieutenant (from 1884) in the rest of the troops. From 1882 the rank of cornet was introduced in the dragoon regiments and then in the gendarmerie and the frontier troops. It was abolished in 1917.



a wind instrument; consists of a joining of cylindrical and conical brass pipes ending in a bell, a valve mechanism (cylindrical or pump), and an attached mouthpiece. The instrument (without mouthpiece) is 295–320 mm long. The cornet is used in opera and symphony orchestras but is most significant in brass bands.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
However, Rollini's claim on immortality rests above all on a handful of recordings made in October 1927 with the great cornetist Bix Beiderbecke.
The young cornetist's meteoric rise in Chicago soon secured him an offer to join the Fletcher Henderson Orchestra in New York.
Little Louis danced in second-line parades, following cornetist Joe "King" Oliver in the Onward Band as they wound through the Crescent City streets.
When passion keyed by Cornella is triangulated with the cornetist, Josie watching both, rider becomes writer and joy is communicable in the word.
A cornetist, Bolden was one of the pioneers of instrumental jazz.
Carlton Main are blessed in having so many talented youthful musicians, two of whom - principal cornetist Kirsty Abbott and tenor horn player Jessica Martin - performed stunning solo pieces in either half of the evening.
Broadway - is "Bix & Hoagy." The program is built around songs by the 1920s-era cornetist Bix Beiderbecke and his friend, Hoagy Carmichael, and includes such classics as "Georgia on My Mind," and "Star Dust."
As is well known, Ives's first notable musical influence was his father, George (1845-94), best remembered as a cornetist and bandmaster in the Union army during the Civil War.
Cornetist Taylor Ho Bynum and drummer Gerald Cleaver joined forces Sunday afternoon at Worcester Polytechnic Institute's Alden Memorial Hall for a concert that served as the second installment in radio station WCUW's Fall Jazz Series.
also cornetist., 9/20/2008;, 9/28/2008.
Born in Pontiac, Mich., Jones was the youngest of 10 children, two more of whom also became significant jazz musicians: Hank, a pianist, continues to perform; Thad, a cornetist and bandleader, died in 1986.
Later on Saturday there were enjoyable sets from Gordon Whitworth's band which paid tribute to the legendary cornetist Bix Beiderbecke, and West Rhythm Kings who benefited in no small way from the presence of Keith Nichols guesting on piano.