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brass wind musical instrument, created in France about 1830 by adding valves to the post horn. It is usually in B flat and is the same size as the B flat trumpet, but has a more conical bore. The cornet, a transposing instrumenttransposing instrument,
a musical instrument whose part in a score is written at a different pitch than that actually sounded. Such an instrument is usually referred to by the keynote of its natural scale—the clarinet in A, for example—in which case A is sounded when
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, has a less brilliant tone but greater agility than the trumpet. It has long been a standard instrument in bands. In the orchestra, the cornet is used with the trumpet. It was used extensively in jazzjazz,
the most significant form of musical expression of African-American culture and arguably the most outstanding contribution the United States has made to the art of music. Origins of Jazz

Jazz developed in the latter part of the 19th cent.
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 in the early 20th cent. It should not be confused with the cornett, an instrument of the Middle Ages and Renaissance, which used a cup mouthpiece on a wooden or ivory body supplied with fingerholes similar to those on woodwinds. A bass cornett was used until the early 19th cent.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a junior officer rank in the Russian cavalry.

The rank of cornet was introduced in 1801 throughout the whole cavalry, except in the dragoon and cossack regiments, and corresponded to the rank of ensign (until 1884) and of second lieutenant (from 1884) in the rest of the troops. From 1882 the rank of cornet was introduced in the dragoon regiments and then in the gendarmerie and the frontier troops. It was abolished in 1917.



a wind instrument; consists of a joining of cylindrical and conical brass pipes ending in a bell, a valve mechanism (cylindrical or pump), and an attached mouthpiece. The instrument (without mouthpiece) is 295–320 mm long. The cornet is used in opera and symphony orchestras but is most significant in brass bands.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cornettist Geoff Wilde and clarinettist Gabe Essen who reach out and grab the audience, with the latter's smoky, bluesy vocals were particularly noteworthy.
The only original Dene River member is cornettist Dave Suett, but most of the present line-up has been the same for at least half of the band's existence.
Trumpeter and cornettist Kenny Baker has always been heavily identified with his Let's Settle for Music 1950s radio days, but he also made a mark on the 80s, composing themes for Alan Plater's Beiderbecke TV-trilogy with James Bolam.
The Plymouth-born cornettist began his career in the late 1950s and early 60s with the bands of Cy Laurie and Monty Sunshine.
Led by local cornettist and trumpet player Sean Bolan, they will be playing music by Fats Waller, George Gershwin, Charlie Kunz, Jack Hylton and Hoagy Carmichael at Stratford Civic Hall on April 17.
POWERHOUSE cornettist Phil Mason brings his New Orleans All-Stars to Brum tomorrow.
Detroit cornettist Tommy Saunders flew in last weekend primed for seven days of prolific gigging, appearing in a variety of pub settings.
The band's success is due partly to it having enjoyed a relatively stable personnel and cornettist Dave Suett has led the band consistently, apart from a period when a serious hand injury prevented him from playing.
The Zephyr label is also set to issue a new Baker album, a collaboration with US cornettist Warren Vache.
Pic of the past IT is 40 years since cornettist and bandleader Dud Clews was killed in a road accident.
AS might be expected, many anecdotes involving trumpeter and cornettist Chris Williams surfaced at his funeral last Friday.