Despite of its rapidly increasing prevalence, knowledge regarding risk factors of coronary artery
disease is very low in our population7.
Through analyzing the correlation between coronary artery
lesion and cardiac function change among elderly patients with CHD, we herein aimed to provide a clinical basis for reasonably proposing treatment regimens and determining the prognosis.
Understanding variations of coronary artery
is important in the diagnosis of unexplained clinical signs and symptoms as well as surgical procedures.
Krause was first to describe the condition in 18656 and Biorck and Crafoord were the first to close it surgically.7 We present here first ever reported case of right coronary artery
(AV) fistula in Pakistan.
In conclusion, the frequency of the coronary artery
anomalies may be higher than the rates determined by catheter angiography.
Congenital absence of left circumflex artery is a very rare coronary artery
anomaly and is usually incidentally detected during various cardiac imaging modalities.
Spontaneous coronary artery
dissection (SCAD), also called intramural hematoma or hemorrhage, or dissecting aneurysm, is a very rare pathology responsible for acute coronary syndrome in young and particularly female patients .
The top diagnostic modalities for ARCAPA include cardiac computed tomography, coronary angiogram, and cardiovascular magnetic resonance, all of which provide excellent visualization of the coronary artery
and the anomalies with detailed information regarding the origin, anatomic relationship, and course of the anomalous coronary artery
AAOCA represents a congenital coronary artery
anomaly in which the artery originates from the contralateral aortic sinus.
Hobbs, "Coronary artery
anomalies in 126,595 patients undergoing coronary arteriography," Catheterization and Cardiovascular Diagnosis, vol.
Pn-1 is the tip of right coronary artery
which showed its starting point and is estimated from point D.
The left main coronary artery
is one of the heart's two main arteries.