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ceremony of crowning and anointing a sovereign on his or her accession to the throne. Although a public ceremony inaugurating a new king or chief had long existed, a new religious service was added when Europe became Christianized. The service, derived from Old Testament accounts of the anointing of SaulSaul,
first king of the ancient Hebrews. He was a Benjamite and anointed king by Samuel. Saul's territory was probably limited to the hill country of Judah and the region to the north, and his proximity to the Philistines brought him into constant conflict with them.
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 and DavidDavid,
d. c.970 B.C., king of ancient Israel (c.1010–970 B.C.), successor of Saul. The Book of First Samuel introduces him as the youngest of eight sons who is anointed king by Samuel to replace Saul, who had been deemed a failure.
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 by Samuel, helped to alter the concept of kingship, because anointment was thought to endow a prince with divine blessing and some degree of priestly (possibly even divine) character.

In England, from the coronation (973) of Edgar, the ceremony included a coronation oath, anointment, investiture, enthronement, and homage. The pageantry of the English coronation, which since 1066 has taken place in Westminster AbbeyWestminster Abbey,
originally the abbey church of a Benedictine monastery (closed in 1539) in London. One of England's most important Gothic structures, it is also a national shrine. The first church on the site is believed to date from early in the 7th cent.
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, is still that of medieval times. Kings of Scotland were crowned at SconeScone
, village, Perth and Kinross, central Scotland. Old Scone, west of the modern village of New Scone, was the repository of the Coronation Stone (see under coronation) and the coronation place of Scottish kings from Kenneth I to Charles II.
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 on the Coronation Stone, which, according to tradition, is the stone Jacob used at Bethel; it was the Lia Fail, or Stone of Destiny, of early kings of Ireland, and, taken to Scotland, was used in coronation ceremonies there. In 1296 Edward I took the stone to Westminster, where it was under the seat of the coronation chair until 1996, when it was returned to Scotland and displayed in Edinburgh Castle.

In France, Pepin the Short, first king of the Carolingian line (see CarolingiansCarolingians
, dynasty of Frankish rulers, founded in the 7th cent. by Pepin of Landen, who, as mayor of the palace, ruled the East Frankish Kingdom of Austrasia for Dagobert I.
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, was twice anointed by popes, partly to legitimize his supersession of the Merovingian dynasty (see MerovingiansMerovingians,
dynasty of Frankish kings, descended, according to tradition, from Merovech, chief of the Salian Franks, whose son was Childeric I and whose grandson was Clovis I, the founder of the Frankish monarchy.
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). Later the French coronation came to resemble the English form, which was probably introduced into France in the 10th cent. The custom whereby the Holy Roman emperor was crowned by the pope dates from the coronation of CharlemagneCharlemagne
(Charles the Great or Charles I) [O.Fr.,=Charles the great], 742?–814, emperor of the West (800–814), Carolingian king of the Franks (768–814).
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 on Christmas Day, 800. The anointing of the emperor by the pope was instituted by Louis I in 816. In 1804, Napoleon I brought Pope Pius VII to Paris to crown him in Notre Dame cathedral; but, in a famous episode, he seized the crown from the pope's hands and crowned himself.

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the act or ceremony of crowning a monarch
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Claiming he is the custodian of Yoruba culture, Akinruntan even vowed to coronate more kings in the diaspora.
Sugarcane farming is the main economic mainstay of the region.RUTO ALLIESHowever, leaders who skipped the Thursday event dismissed the initiative as part of the wider scheme to coronate Mr Ruto as the next president of Kenya.
Nella Bitinia [antica regione della Turchia asiatica tra il Mar Nero e il Mar di Marmara] le sante Vergini Menodora, Metrodora, e Ninfodora, sorelle; le quali al tempo di Massimiano Imperatore, e di Frontone Presidente, coronate di martirio, giunsero all'eterna gloria.
body scales, spines, coronate plates and stellate tesserae were selected from samples collected in situ from the lower part of the Ohesaare cliff sequence.
This time he has not only taken up the assignment, but has also taken the vow to unseat the Nanda dynasty and coronate Chandragupta.
Biochemical composition of the mesopelagic coronate jellyfish Periphylla periphylla from the Gulf of Mexico.
However, ectoproct coronate and cyphonautes larvae show some interphyletic variety and may either have one pair of serotonergic cells in the apical organ or a nerve ring, or both (Pires and Woollacott, 1997; Shimizu et al, 2000; Wanninger et al., 2005b; Wanninger, 2008; Table I).
The Establishment Media, lapdogs to Democrat in general, Obama in particular, was about to unofficially officially coronate Obama.
It was also at Mapo Hall that the present day Governor of Oyo State, Abiola Ajimobi, chose to coronate 24 new kings in Ibadan land.
We will only come to coronate the winner, said Mr Ruto.BEST CHOICEMr Kamurens move to ditch Kanu for Jubilee was immediately met with mixed reactions in the region.
/ E ardenti di Cristiano vero zelo / Di Fe, di Eternita, nomi si santi / Invitti anteporran allo splendore / Di dorati Scetri, e coronate fronti.
Celleporaria sherryae (Superfamily Lepralielloidea): Nonfeeding Coronate Larva