coroner


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Wikipedia.

coroner

(kôr`ənər), judicial officer responsible for investigating deaths occurring through violence or under suspicious circumstances. The office has been traced to the late 12th cent. Originally the coroner's duties were primarily to maintain records of criminal justice and to take custody of all royal property. In England this second function persists in his jurisdiction over treasure-trovetreasure-trove,
in English law, buried or concealed money or precious metals without any ascertainable owner. Such property belongs to the crown. The present practice in Great Britain is for the crown to pay the finder for the treasure-trove if it is of historic or artistic
..... Click the link for more information.
. In his present-day work of determining cause of death, the coroner proceeds by means of the inquestinquest,
in law, a body of men appointed by law to inquire into certain matters. The term also refers to the inquiry itself as well as to the findings of the inquiry. The most usual form of inquest today is that conducted by the coroner to discover the cause of a death that was
..... Click the link for more information.
 whenever there is doubt. In several of the United States the coroner has been replaced by the medical examiner, who can only conduct post-mortem examinationspost-mortem examination
or autopsy,
systematic examination of a cadaver for study or for determining the cause of death. Post-mortems use many methodical procedures to determine the etiology and pathogenesis of diseases, for epidemologic purposes, for establishment of
..... Click the link for more information.
, and who works in cooperation with the public prosecutor.

Coroner

 

in Great Britain, the USA, and some other coun-tries with the Anglo-Saxon legal system, an official whose duties include establishing the causes of any death that occurs either under unexplained circumstances or suddenly.

When violence is suspected to be the cause of death, the coroner usually holds an inquest. He hands over all his materials for examination by a coroner’s court consisting of the coroner him-self and a small jury (six jurors), which hears witnesses and experts. Then the jury renders a verdict on the causes of death. The decision of a jury is obligatory only to establish the fact of violent death, on the basis of which the case is pursued further. In some cases (for example, accidental death) the coroner may render the decision alone.

coroner

a public official responsible for the investigation of violent, sudden, or suspicious deaths and inquiries into treasure trove. The investigation (coroner's inquest) is held in the presence of a jury (coroner's jury)
References in classic literature ?
The Coroner, however, passed briskly to the next point, and Poirot drew a deep breath of relief.
Inglethorp," said the Coroner, "you have heard your wife's dying words repeated here.
According to a Rhondda Cynon Taf council report, dated September 24, 2015, it was agreed to pursue amalgamating Powys, Bridgend, Glamorgan Valleys, Cardiff and the Vale of Glamorgan coroner areas on February 26, 2014.
However, a statement from the Coroners Service said the force's disclosure unit was "not aware" of this so did not routinely search the database when compiling disclosure of material for the coroner.
com @reporterlou A FORMER senior West Yorkshire detective turned Huddersfield University researcher has discovered inconsistencies in the way coroners record how people died.
The merger was proposed by the Lord Chancellor as part of a modernisation programme following the retirement of former Teesside coroner Michael Sheffield in 2014 at the age of 83.
Historically there has been no provision other than really the coroners officers to give any support.
Now Wirral council's ruling cabinet is being asked to approve a perm-anent merger with Liverpool coroner Andre Rebello taking over full-time responsibility for Wirral's coroner services, too.
Zafar Siddique is taking over over from the current long-standing Black Country coroner Robin Balmain, who is retiring in September.
CONTENTS I Introduction II Doctors, 'Reportable Deaths' and the Coroner III Current Legislative Approaches to Medical-Setting Deaths in Australia A Approach 1: Anaesthetic-Related Death B Approach 2: Death During, Caused by, or Temporally Associated with Operations or Procedures C Approach 3: Death Not A Reasonably Expected Outcome 1 New South Wales 2 Victoria 3 Queensland IV Failure to Comply with Reporting Obligations A The Offences B The Penalties C Reform V Conclusion
Just under half, around 220,000, are reported to the coroner each year.
Judge Thornton, who is the first person to take up the chief coroner role, said there has been a "variable" service as coroners have been appointed and funded locally.