corporation tax


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corporation tax,

imposts levied by federal, state, or local governments against corporations, their income, or their peculiar attributes, such as charters, capitalization, dividends, and franchises. In the United States such taxes were brought about by the difficulty of taxing corporate bonds and stocks and by the growth of corporations beyond state bounds, with consequent difficulty of assessment and taxation. Such special state corporation taxes now include fees and licenses for incorporation or for an increase in capitalization or for filing the corporation's charter in another state; taxes on gross earnings; taxes on tonnage and financial instruments or transactions; franchise taxes; capital stock taxes; and net income taxes. In 1909 the federal government imposed an excise tax on net incomes of U.S. corporations. That tax was superseded by a corporation income taxincome tax,
assessment levied upon individual or corporate incomes. Although personal incomes were occasionally taxed in medieval Italian cities, the income tax is essentially a modern form of taxation.
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 after the Sixteenth Amendment (1913). In Great Britain in 1920 a tax was levied on corporations, including foreign companies of limited liability doing business in Great Britain, but exempting the profits of corporations receiving income from other corporations already taxed. In both the United States and Great Britain, excess profits taxexcess profits tax,
levy on any profit above a standard level. Chiefly a wartime phenomenon, it is intended to increase revenue during periods of distress and to prevent businessmen from taking unfair advantage of the increased government spending and consumer demand that
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 has generally been imposed only during wartime.

Bibliography

See S. Réamonn, The Philosophy of the Corporate Tax (1970); H. Nurnburg, Cash Movements Analysis of the Accounting for Corporate Income Taxes (1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
She pointed out that the small companies rate of corporation tax remained at 20 per cent and said she felt there might now be an increased tendency by ownermanager directors to take dividends rather than bonuses.
CIL made profits of between PS4million and PS5million over the past two years, but continue to pay no corporation tax due to previous losses.
This report sets out some significant steps towards creating a 21st-century corporation tax system in the UK, responding to calls from businesses of all sizes to make the calculation of corporation tax simpler, with fewer changes and more time to plan.
In an analysis last month for the Institute of Welsh Affairs Mr Gwilym also made the case that the UK Government should consider lower rates of corporation tax for the poorest parts of the country.
Corporation tax is a pointless, regressive tax which should be removed altogether.
Alex Cobham, director of research at the Tax Justice Network, said that Facebook's announcement had simply confirmed that international corporation tax rules were "a mess".
The total corporation tax bill for the company - which has global profits of more than PS1bn every three months - amounted to less than a worker on the average wage would pay in income tax and national insurance.
In the modern world corporation tax has had its day.
This has taken the number of banks paying no corporation tax in the UK to seven.
3 per cent of their UK earnings in corporation tax last year, a Sunday Mirror probe has found.
EBAY paid just PS620,000 corporation tax on UK sales of more than PS1.

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