In the same way that the Filipino people limit their own sovereign powers by ceding certain such powers to constitutional agencies with interdependent rights and correlative duties to each other, the Philippine state, to endeavor peace and 'amity with all nations' by joining other countries in international agreements, transfers certain of its powers to a body like the UN, which is composed of equally sovereign states having correlative rights
and duties to each other.
'[The IPRA] expresses no correlative rights
and duties in support of petitioner's cause,' the Court said.
The pure rule of capture has been modified in many states by the doctrine of correlative rights
. (8) "Correlative rights
" has been applied in law and by the courts since its acceptance by the United States Supreme Court (Ohio Oil Co.
Most of California's groundwater basin extractions are defined by the correlative rights
doctrine, which allocates groundwater in proportion to the overlying land area regardless of prior use.
Alternative legal rules include the reasonable use doctrine and the correlative rights
doctrine that can be used in conjunction with a metering system.
Conventional fiduciary relationships are formed between fiduciaries and beneficiaries, and found an interpersonal form of accountability, realized through assignment of correlative rights
and duties between the parties.
1973) (affirming dismissal of complaint asserting unreasonable exploitation because "no correlative rights
exist between adjoining landowners in percolating waters"); Sipriano v.
law offer only the barest of concessions: in correlative rights
At present, five categories of groundwater common law doctrines govern different states across the nation: (1) the doctrine of capture; (2) the "American" reasonable-use doctrine; (3) the correlative rights
doctrine; (4) the doctrine of prior appropriation; and (5) the Second Restatement of Torts' doctrine of reasonable use.
The agency conducts monthly hearings to review and approve proposed rules and regulations; creates drilling and production units and establishes oil and gas production field rules to protect correlative rights
, protect the oil- and gas-producing reservoir, prevent waste resulting from overproduction and establish a defined area for the sharing of production proceeds and production costs; hears applications for requests to integrate drilling units to protect the rights of mineral owners and leasehold working interests; and issues enforcement orders for non-compliance with oil and gas regulations and statutes.
The Indiana/Kentucky, Approach: Correlative Rights
Four traditional groundwater doctrines ate absolute ownership, reasonable use, correlative rights
, and prior appropriation.