corset

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corset,

article of dress designed to support or modify the figure. Greek and Roman women sometimes wrapped broad bands about the body. In the Middle Ages a short, close-fitting, laced outer bodice or waist was worn. By the 16th cent. it had become a tight inner bodice, sometimes of leather, stiffened with whalebone, wooden splints, or steel; fashion demanded the slenderest possible waist in contrast with the enormous farthingales and stuffed breeches that were worn. Stays and tight lacing were made for both men and women from the 17th through the 19th cent., except for a brief period following the French Revolution. By 1900 the corset had become primarily a female garment, and it was gradually modified to conform to the natural lines of the body.

Corset

 

a broad belt that is worn tightly around the thorax and waist. It is an article of women’s clothing. In medicine, orthopedic corsets are used to correct curvature of the spine and spinal injuries. Corsets are meant to restrict movement of the spine, to relieve pressure on the spine, and to correct deformities. A corset can be stiff, semistiff, or soft and elastic. As a rule, corsets are made from a plaster cast taken from the patient; they are made out of leather, gelatin glue, aluminum, or fabric with metal or plastic bones.

The construction of the corset and the material from which it is made are determined by the location and character of the spinal injury. For injuries to the thoracic or cervical regions, the corsets are made with neck braces; corsets made for lumbar injuries only come up to the shoulder blades. For example, in cases of tuberculosis, stiff corsets are prescribed; for small spinal injuries, semistiff corsets; and for spinal curvatures, soft elastic corsets with busks made of plastic and flexible steel. A corset should be worn constantly only upon the advice of a physician.

V. L. ANDRIANOV and N. N. NEFED’EVA

References in periodicals archive ?
I did find the zipper-fastened corset fits a little tighter of the two styles, causing me to have to order one size up.
A corset advert from the 1880s Streets were strewn with horse muck, as well as mud and all manner of waste material that fell off carts and waggons.
Corsets are no longer limited to being accessories for formal wear.
The reality star posted a video on Twitter explaining the origins of the outfit for those who believed she dressed her daughter in constricting corset.
Funnywoman Joyce Grenfell once quipped: "Happiness is the sublime moment when you get out of your corsets at night.
The mum-of-one revealed to fans that she's doing 'waist-training,' which involves wearing a corset for extended periods of time to make it smaller and more hourglass.
Michele Kobke has worn a corset every day for the last three years, even while sleeping, in a bid to get the world's smallest waist.
The corset, which originated within aristocratic court culture and gradually spread throughout society, was all about a slender waist, she said.
Even though, majority of doctors have warned that corsets can lead to serious health damage, proponents of the method claimed that the old fashion accessory actually works as it functions as a sort of non-surgical gastric bypass sleeve, Huffington Post reported.
Stepping into her shop, which also features a cafe, is like being transported back to a time when high society ladies wore corsets and drank afternoon tea.
It gave her enough space for her wildest dreams to come true - a shop and arcade to display her corsets and a Catwalk Cafe for afternoon tea and fashion shows.