cosolvent

cosolvent

[kō′säl·vənt]
(chemical engineering)
During chemical processing, a second solvent added to the original solvent, generally in small concentrations, to form a mixture that has greatly enhanced solvent powers due to synergism.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The key factors that could be attributed to the growth of market include rising demand for polyvinylpyrrolidone in the pharmaceutical application as a drug cosolvent, solubilizer, dispersion stabilizer, and sterilization disinfectant.
The present study is an experimental investigation to utilize optimal ethanol-diesel blend with normal butanol as cosolvent (for preventing the phase separation up to a temperature lower than 10[degrees]C) with and without modifying the engine operating parameters.
Each peptide was dissolved to 2 mg/mL in a 1:1 [H.sub.2]O:MeCN cosolvent solution, which was adjusted to pH 7 before peptide dissolution, as prescribed by the peptide's provider.
Therefore, we investigated the three-step carbamylation reaction of diethylene triamine (DA) with urea in pyridine, n-butanol, and pentanols and also using polar cosolvent additions to find an efficient synthesis procedure of D, aiming at one that can be scaled up for industrial production.
Giorgiutti-Dauphine, "Effect of a non-volatile cosolvent on crack patterns induced by desiccation of a colloidal gel," Soft Matter, vol.
Bastin, "Measurement of dissociation constants ([pK.sub.a] values) of organic compounds by multiplexed capillary electrophoresis using aqueous and cosolvent buffers," Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol.
reported a good temperature-responsive heteropolyacid (HPA) catalyst (Ch[H.sub.4]Al[W.sub.12][O.sub.40]) prepared using [H.sub.5]Al[W.sub.12][O.sub.40] and choline chloride as raw materials, and when it was used for the one-pot conversion of cellulose into LA in a green cosolvent MIBK/[H.sub.2]O with a volumetric ratio of 10: 1, leading to the highest LA yield with 74.8% at 98.9% cellulose conversion at 120[degrees]C for 10 h compared with other reported catalysts (Table 6, entry 2) [349].
No notable changes in thermal stability, as defined by [T.sub.M], occurred with epigenetic modification or cosolvent condition variation.
Briefly, 1 mg/mL [Fe.sub.3][O.sub.4] nanoparticle solution was emulsified via probe sonication (Scientz, JY92-II) into 1 mL of 10% w/v Ac-[beta]-CD/DCM solution containing 5 mg/mL CPT using 100 [micro]L DMSO as a cosolvent for CPT, which was further emulsified via probe sonication into 3% gelatin aqueous solution, just as mentioned above.