cotinga

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cotinga

(kōtĭng`gə), any of the New World tropical birds of the family Cotingidae. Cotingas range from N Argentina to the southern border of the United States; most are forest species and inhabit the highest treetops. Although there is great variation in appearance among these birds, all have broad bills with slightly hooked tips, rounded wings, and strong short legs. Some species are dull-colored, with little difference between males and females; in many species, however, the males are brightly colored and have curiously modified wing and head feathers. The umbrella birds (genus Cephalopterus), found from Central America to Argentina, have a black, umbrellalike crest, which is raised and expanded during courtship displays, and feathered throat wattles nearly as long as the bird itself. The bellbirds (genus Procnias), found from Central America to Argentina, have a distinctive bell-like call; they are marked by feather-studded, fleshy protuberances drooping over their bills. Both the male and the female cock-of-the-rock (genus Rupicola) are marked by a fan-shaped crest of feathers, which extends from bill tip to the top of the head. There are two cock-of-the-rock species; in R. rupicola, of the Guianas, the male is golden-orange with black wings and tail, while in R. peruviana, of the Andes, the male is bright red with similar markings. In both species the female is olive brown. The cock-of-the-rock, a terrestrial bird, performs a communal mating ritual in which males go through stylized stances and acrobatics. There are about 90 species of cotingas classified in 33 genera of the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, family Cotingidae.
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References in periodicals archive ?
A comprehensive multilocus phylogeny of the Neotropical cotingas (Cotingidae, Aves) with a comparative evolutionary analysis of breeding system and plumage dimorphism and a revised phylogenetic classification.
Cotingas to pipits and wagtails Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain, pp.
Phylogeny and phylogenetic classification of the tyrant flycatchers, cotingas, manakins, and their allies (Aves: Tyrannides).
Distribution range extension of the White-cheeked Cotinga Zaratornis stresemanni (Aves: Cotingidae) in southern Peru
Ademas, esta Cotinga depende de bosques de Polylepis parasitados por plantas del genero Tristerix para realizar actividades reproductivas, tanto para la alimentacion de los polluelos como para la construccion de nidos (Parker 1981).
En esta nota reportamos dos registros confirmados de la Cotinga Cariblanca para el norte del departamento de Arequipa.
El 16 de junio del 2008, alrededor de las 9 horas un individuo de Cotinga Cariblanca fue capturado con una red de neblina, la red fue colocada dentro de un parche de Polylepis sp.
2), caracteristicas que corresponden a la Cotinga Cariblanca, estos individuos cruzaron la carretera que lleva al pueblo de Saila y se posaron sobre un arbusto de Solanum sp., uno de ellos estuvo realizando graznidos graves y asperos.
Despues de la descripcion de la cotinga cariblanca como especie (Koepcke 1954), son pocos los estudios que ampliaron el conocimiento de la historia natural para la especie (Parker 1981, Fjeldsa 2002, Tello et al.
New records on the feeding niche for the White-cheeked Cotinga (Zaratornis stresemanni) in the high Andes.