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any Old World shrub of the rosaceous genus Cotoneaster: cultivated for their small ornamental white or pinkish flowers and red or black berries
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a genus of plants of the family Rosaceae. They are shrubs measuring up to 3 m tall. The leaves are entire. The small flowers are white or pale pink. The red or black fruit is a minute mealy pome, with two to four seeds. There are more than 100 species, distributed in Europe, Asia, and North Africa. In the USSR there are approximately 35 species. The most common species is Cotoneaster melanocarpa. Common species in the Caucasus are the black-fruited C. meyeri and the red-fruited C. integerrima; the latter also grows in the Crimea. Numerous species of Cotoneaster are found in the mountains of Middle Asia, including C. megalocarpa, C. multiflora, C. insignis (which sometimes grows into a tree), and C. hissarica. The last species, which is drought-resistant, is used to secure slopes and as a stock in gardens. The species C. lucida, which is native to Siberia, is used to form hedges.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The best for winter berries include creeping, cranberry and rockspray cotoneaster.
Alan Kearsley-Evans, the National Trust's Coast and Countryside manager for Gower and Ceredigion, said: "Certain species of cotoneaster have an aggressive growth form and can do very well in exposed coastal positions.
Cotoneaster caterpillars are the larval stages of the Hawthorn moth.
Most of us know and grow the useful cotoneaster horizontalis with its low sprawling branches like fishbones.
Take Cotoneaster Rothschildianus, this is a great semi-evergreen that makes a small tree and is covered in large clusters of luminous yellow fruits every autumn.
Their cotoneaster horizontalis was attacked by hundreds of tiny caterpillars of the infamous hawthorn Webber moth, scythropia crataegella and looked as if it had been covered in a layer of fleece.
The cotoneaster group will support themselves or, at the most, drape themselves over the wall or fence.
The herringbone cotoneaster, C horizontalis, is ideal for growing upwards to decorate a fence, with its fishtail format of leaves, producing red fruits which last even after the leaves have fallen.
Some cotoneasters are semi-evergreen, keeping their leaves in winter unless it is particularly cold or windy.
Diseaseresistant shrubs include dwarf rhododendrons, most cotoneasters and viburnums.
Any of the ground cover cotoneasters will do well such as repens or dammeri.
Don't scoff at the cheap and cheerfuls - cotoneasters, rowans, whitebeams and crab apples.