cottonwood


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Related to cottonwood: black cottonwood

willow

willow, common name for some members of the Salicaceae, a family of deciduous trees and shrubs of worldwide distribution, especially abundant from north temperate to arctic areas. The family consists of two genera, Salix and Populus, both of which are propagated easily by cuttings, grow rapidly, and characteristically bear male and female flowers in catkins on separate plants.

Many plants of the narrower-leaved willow genus (Salix) flourish in cold, wet ground; willows grow farther north than any other woody angiosperm (flowering plant). The poplars (genus Populus) usually have heart-shaped or ovate leaves; they include the cottonwoods, aspens, and many species specifically named poplar. The cottonwoods (sometimes also called poplars) characteristically have seeds that are covered with fibrous coats so that when they are released at maturity they clump together in cottony balls. Cottonwoods were a welcome sight to the pioneers pushing westward, for they marked the streams in the otherwise treeless Great Plains. Some of the poplars, especially the aspens, have flattened leaf stalks that permit the pendulous leaves to quiver in the slightest breeze (hence the name quaking aspen). The quaking, or golden, aspen (P. termuloides) is a common deciduous tree of the mountains of the W United States; it is often the first tree to reforest burned-over woodlands. Large stands of aspen trees often consist of one or two clones connected at the roots. The hybrid species Populus × jackii is one of the plants called balm of Gilead.

Because the lumber of this family is so soft it finds little use except for paper pulp (mostly the poplars), for biomass and biofuel, for charcoal, and especially in basketry and wickerwork (mostly the willows). The bushes and their twigs used in basketry are often called osiers. Willow buds and bark have also been used medicinally; the chemical predecessor of aspirin was originally isolated from the bark of a willow. The trees are valuable in erosion control along riverbanks because of their rapid growth. The family is most noted for its many species planted as ornamentals, e.g., the Lombardy poplar (P. nigra cultivar Italica) and the silver, or white, poplar (P. alba), now naturalized in North America from Eurasia; the weeping willow (S. babylonica), indigenous to China; and the pussy willow (S. discolor) of North America with its silky catkins.

Yellow poplar or tulip poplar is a name sometimes used for the unrelated tulip tree of the magnolia family. Willows are classified in the division Magnoliophyta, class Magnoliopsida, order Salicales, family Salicaceae.

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cottonwood

cottonwood

Tall tree, to 150 ft. Name derived from seeds having cottony parachutes. Bark contains salicylin- the same natural aspirin found in willow trees. Inner bark tea used for overall health and well-being.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz

cottonwood

[′kät·ən‚wu̇d]
(botany)
Any of several poplar trees (Populus) having hairy, encapsulated fruit.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Along with reining in cattle grazing and off-road vehicle use, Egan developed a plan to replace the tamarisk with cottonwoods and willows.
Cottonwood, which brought in 15,500 trees in 2018, is now catering to a shipment order of 20,000 trees this year and 30,000 in 2020.
In this century, Janet Hinderson runs a small town newspaper and crusades against a proposed meat packing plant that will destroy the fabric of the town along with its landmark stand of cottonwoods. But Janet's hard and soft sides must grapple when the meat company's general counsel comes to town and reveals some cryptic interest in her.
Since 2000, Cottonwood Title has provided professional title and escrow services for homeowners, developers, lenders, and investors throughout Utah.
Cottonwood is much lighter at 28 pounds per cubic foot.
In December 2017, however, Lopez applied for a job at the Cottonwood Police Department.
"Supporting the growth of Hudson Yards--New York City's largest development since Rockefeller Center is exciting for us," said Alexander Shing, chairman and CEO of Cottonwood Group, "and we look forward to a strong and lasting relationship with CCBI."
Since 2011, Cottonwood's portfolio of multifamily investments has increased from approximately $230 million to $1.2 billion in total value.
Securus Technologies said it has made a substantial investment in Centennial, Colorado-based Cottonwood Creek Technologies, a manufacturer of the "S" (Securus) phone.
"It is our privilege to give back to our community and especially to the Cottonwood Police Department.
One of the fastest growing hardwood species in the United States is cottonwood (Populus deltoides Bartr.
More than 70% of the nests we found at the Gila River were constructed in boxelder; another 20% were constructed in Arizona alder (Alnus oblongifolia), Fremont cottonwood, Goodding's willow (Salix gooddingii), and netleaf hackberry (Celtis reticulate, Table 1).