counter-expertise

counter-expertise

the reservoirs of‘lay’ expertise increasingly available in modern societies to contest the legitimacy of expert (and sometimes self-interested) claims to knowledge. Since expert claims to knowledge are often internally contested, and since the divided line between science and ‘lay’ knowledge is no longer clear-cut (see SCIENCE), any assumption that decision-making in modern societies must be controlled by experts and ÉLITES is unwarranted. Thus, as BECK (1992) suggests, the opportunity exists for ‘social standards of relevance’ to become more decisive.
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6,7) The absence of transparency, counter-expertise and dissemination of research methods and findings jeopardizes the legitimacy of the evaluation procedure.
The report also asks the Commission to set up a multidisciplinary medical devices advisory committee (MDAC) charged with providing counter-expertise for controversial devices.
In other words, conservative counter-expertise forays are often easily unmasked.
But the dynamics of expertise and counter-expertise are also fundamental to the explanation, perhaps even more so.
Areva is also facing a parallel attack in Niger where two NGOs - Sherpa, an international network of legal experts specialising in defending populations in southern hemisphere countries against the activities of multinationals, and the Committee for independent research and information on radioactivity (Criirad), a private laboratory specialising in counter-expertise in the nuclear sector - called on April 25 for a counter-analysis of the conditions under which uranium is exploited in Niger by the French company and its impact on health of surrounding populations.
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